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The town of Gold Hill, established in 1892, was named for a gold bearing mountain just east of town. Gold Hill became famous for its location of many minerals including silver, gold, copper, lead, tungsten and arsenic. This first boom died and the area was left behind.

The Deep Creek Railroad was built into Gold Hill in 1917 and the town quickly bloomed, arsenic was badly needed during WWI to control insects destroying the cottonfields of the south. Over 3,000 people lived and worked here as stores, a school, a pool hall and a newspaper flourished then cheaper foreign sources of arsenic became available and the town faded.

WWII reawakened the town due to high demands of tungsten used in steel and for electric filaments, tons were shipped out until the need was gone and the town of Gold Hill dwindled again.