Brigham City Carnegie Library

Built in 1915, the Brigham City Carnegie Library is significant as one of seventeen remaining Carnegie libraries of the twenty-three built in Utah. Thirteen of the seventeen library buildings maintain their original integrity and are included in the Carnegie Library Thematic Resource Nomination. In addition to making significant contributions to public education in their respective communities, these libraries are Utah’s representatives of the important nation-wide Carnegie library program, and they document its unparalleled effect in the establishment of community-supported, free public libraries in Utah. The Brigham City Carnegie Library is also architecturally significant as an excellent example of the local expression of the Prairie Style in Utah, a distillation of the style made popular in the Chicago area. It is one of only three Carnegie libraries designed in the Prairie Style and is also one of the best of less than twenty well reserved examples of public buildings designed in that style in Utah.

Located at 26 East Forest Street in Brigham City, Utah.


The Brigham City Carnegie Library was built in 1915 with a $12,500 grant from millionaire/philanthropist Andrew Carnegie on property donated by the city for that purpose. Carnegie funded the construction of over 1650 library buildings in the U.S., 23 of which were built in Utah communities. The conditions upon which all Carnegie grants were given were that the recipient community donate the building site and provide an annual maintenance budget of at least 10% of the grant amount.

Architectural firms from around the state submitted plans for the new building. They included Monson & Price of Salt Lake City, who submitted two separate plans, Watkins & Birch of Provo, who also submitted two plans, one of which had been used on a library in the southern part of the state, C. F. Wells of Brigham City, and Shreeve & Madsen of OgdenJ After careful consideration, the Brigham City Public Library Board awarded the design contract in September 1914 to Shreeve & Madsen, although with the understanding that the exterior of their proposed building would have to be altered to conform with the Carnegie Supervising Board’s general outline. The building was designed in the Prairie Style, which is found on only two other Carnegie libraries in Utah, but its basic form, with a rectangular box-like shape, flat roof, and one story with a raised basement, is typical of Carnegie libraries throughout the state and nation.

The building was completed, except for the installation of a few light fixtures and a few pieces of furniture, on December 15, 1915. Total cost of the building, complete with furniture and fixtures, was $13,032.49. A local newspaper article provided the following description of the building:

The library…is a thing of beauty both from within and from without. The interior arrangement is most convenient. The Librarian’s desk stands in the center of the room facing the entrance and the book shelves are so arranged that they form an alcove for the Librarian’s office. Seated at her desk, the Librarian has a commanding view of the entire building or rather reading floor. The interior finishing is beautiful and harmonious. The walls and ceiling are done in panels in exquisitely dainty design which is enhanced by the subdued light which comes thru the art windows and from the indirect electric light. The entrance hall, from which wide steps lead up into the reading room and a stairway leads down into the lecture room, store room, lavatories and furnace room, is finished in brown marble and tile on the landings. The lavatories are finished in white marble and tiling and are the very last word in convenience.

A large lecture room has been provided in the basement occupying the north half of the building, while the furnace
room, general store room and toilet room occupy the other half of the basement. The building was accepted from the
contractor by the architect, Mr. D. Leo Madsen, who in turn asked the Library Commission to receive the building, which they did. Mr. T.W. Whittaker, the contractor, has done a splendid job on the building and can always look with pride on his work there.

The first library in the town and in the county was opened in 1870 by the Brigham City Sunday School Superintendency. Books were purchased from funds solicited from the townspeople and consisted mainly of Bibles, music books, National Primers, First Readers, and a few historical books. The first public library in the city was organized in 1897 as the M.I.A. Library and Free Reading Room, and opened in February 1898 with 425 volumes. The building which housed that library was formally transferred to the city by the LDS church in 1913, afterwhich it was extensively renovated. That building was abandoned prior to the completion of the Carnegie library, however, and the
books and fixtures were temporarily stored in the Boothe Building.

The Brigham City Carnegie Library was one of the most successful Carnegie libraries in the state, due to the strong support given to it by the residents and officials of the city. A 1934 report of the library provided statistics which compared the operations of the Brigham City Library with those of an American Library Association Model Library and with those of a library in a representative Utah town. The Brigham City Library operated on 25% less funds, circulated 2.3 times as many books per capita, and had almost the ideal number of books in stock as the A.L.A. Model Library. It compared even more favorably with the representative Utah library, circulating 2.5 times as many books per capita and having almost 2.4 times as many books in stock per capita.

The Brigham City Carnegie Library is still functioning as the community’s library, although a major addition was built on the back and side of the building in 1977. Special attention was given to maintaining the visual independence of the original building from the addition by using glass to join the old and new sections. Also, the coursing of the brickwork on the new section was done to match that on the old by having very narrow, unraked head joints, which emphasize the horizontal lines of the building.

Shreeve & Madsen, the architectural firm which designed the building, was an Ogden, Utah based firm which practiced in northern Utah and southern Idaho from about 1909 until 1917. They employed the Prairie Style in many of their
designs, including the Bear River Stake Tabernacle in Garland, Utah, the Hotel Paris and Browning Block in Paris, Idaho, and, of course, the Brigham City Carnegie Library. S. Arthur Shreeve, a native of Ogden, received his architectural training at the Armour Institute of Technology in Chicago and at the Chicago Art Institute. Little is known of D. Leo Madsen except that he was a fellow student of Shreeve’s in Chicago. 5 He apparently left Utah and the Ogden area around 1920.

Pioneer Heritage Cemetery


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The Spanish Fork Pioneer Heritage Cemetery

Utah South Company Daughters of Utah Pioneers, in conjunction with the City of Spanish Fork, community donors, and volunteers have reclaimed and restored this hallowed ground in remembrance of the pioneers who persevered through uncommon hardships because they had faith in their God and in their cause.

The pioneers chose this bluff overlooking the river as their sacred burial ground. We reverence the lives of these stalwart settlers who came into a barren land and built on a foundation of faith. Settling a community was arduous, backbreaking work that required unity. They lived in wagon boxes, tents, and dugouts along the river bank. They plowed, sowed crops, herded cattle, irrigated, and built roads and bridges. These pioneers were dependent upon one another for their very survival. When death occurred, they mourned together.

The first settlers arrived in 1850. Their life and death struggles while facing hunger, hostile natives, disease, grasshoppers, and crop failure are heroic and heartrending. Spanish Fork City was chartered, then surveyed in 1855 by Stake President James Chauncey Snow under the direction of George A. Smith, first counselor to LDS Church President Brigham Young. Spanish Fork combined the “upper” and “lower” settlements. The settlers’ lives, deeds, and devotion to the establishment of this community write a powerful chapter in the chronicles of Spanish Fork’s early history. Their valiant examples of strength and courage have left a legacy to be treasured. May this sacred and hallowed ground be a place of rest, reflection, and reverence.


Alex Bankhead and Marinda Redd Bankhead

From :
Marinda and her husband, Alex, lived in a little adobe house in Spanish Fork, Utah. “Along the front of the house they planted asparagus which grew tall in the summer… to the top of the walls of the little house.” A neighbor remembered Marinda as “a wonderful cook and very freehearted. Many times she brought freshly baked bread to our home.” This idyllic picture of her married life belies the turbulent years she spent before her marriage to Alex Bankhead, who also had been formerly enslaved.

Marinda’s enslaver Elizabeth died in 1853, followed by John Hardison Redd in 1858. When Redd’s property was divided among his descendants, Marinda received equal shares of land, animals, grain, and household goods with the rest of his heirs at law. She and two other of Redd’s enslaved people were given a house to share. Redd’s heirs took no court action to free Marinda, but by giving her this inheritance, they declared her to be emancipated.

Alex and Marinda were known as faithful Latter-day Saints during their married life. A black newspaper publisher, Julius Taylor, interviewed the elderly couple in 1899 and described Marinda and Alex as “devout and strict Mormons. She belongs to the Ladies’ Relief Society of her Ward.”


Joseph Dean Home


Built in several phases during the nineteenth century, this structure consists
of two adjoining vernacular dwellings (built successively), and later extensions (probably dating in the 1890 f s) located at the corner of Main St and Fourth North St.

The earliest structure (facing west) is a vernacular, double pen style
frame and stucco home of one story. It exhibits a rectangular plan with rear shed roof lean-to, symmetrical facade piercing and end chimneys. The front porch overhand of shed roof type has unusually narrow Tuscan supports. Windows are a six-over-six double hung sash type.

The adjoining two story brick structure has a double hipped roof, and a hall
and parlor plan arrangement. Extensive modifications have been made to convert the structures to multiple family dwellings. Additions to the corner area, and an enclosed balcony centered on the primary facade of the two story portion are part of the alteration scheme.

Evidence of title and directory suggests the oldest part of this structure was built about 1873 for Joseph Dean. The style, massing, materials and siting suggest that the one story portion in the rear, facing west, away from Main Street, was the first structure. The vernacular style of the two story brick portion facing 500 N suggest that it was probably added in the 1880’s. The existence of the newer portion by 1892 at the latest is suggested by a directory entry listing Mrs. Amelia Deans address as “rear 77 Peach” (emphasis added).

Dean worked as a carpenter, being employed in the 1890’s in building the
Salt Lake Temple. His wife Amelia, two daughters, Emily and Kate both teachers, and apparently a son William John, machinist, and carpenter lived in the house at one time or another in the 1880’s and 189rfs. With the exception of two small porches, front and rear, the house had come to its present appearance by 1898. The house remained in the family through 1940.

Located at 503 North Main Street in the Capitol Hill Historic District in Salt Lake City, Utah

Paul E. B. Hammer Home


This is a two-story home with a central hall type plan. It is one room deep and two rooms wide with a hall, and has a one story shed extension to the west rear. Chimneys are at the gable ends. Facade piercing follows a “five-over-five” symmetrical pattern. Windows are double hung sash types, six lights over six. Shutters and siding are later modifications.

Some part of this house may have been built by 1879 when the city directory shows Paul E.B. Hammer, a painter, in residence there. Hammer bought the property for $600 and resold it the same year for $650, both modest sums. Caroline C.P. Conley, widow of Solomon Conley, bought the house in 1879. She is listed as physician and surgeon in midwifery, practicing and in residence there, in 1884. Thereafter she lived elsewhere.
The house had apparently been brought to its present configuration by 1890, when Mrs. Conley was able to borrow several thousand dollars against it to finance the construction of four houses to the west on 4th North.

Located at 469 North Main Street in the Capitol Hill Historic District in Salt Lake City, Utah

William R. Calderwood Home


This is a large brick two-story “box” type house which has a square plan and hipped roof. The decorative details on the house are exceptional: a full length two story porch spans the facade and contains intricate wood railing work; the porch frige is dentiled; a hipped dormer also has a dentiled frieze and stylized bracketing which is continued on the eaves of main roof; the upstairs windows are bay and the windows are dormer and the transom lights on the first floor have diamond-shaped panes.

This house was built in 1910 for William R. Calderwood. Calderwood was born g April 12, 1866 in Coalville, Utah to Alexander Calderwood and Margaret Salmon. He married Emily Dean. He was a physician and surgeon. He died in 1960.

Located at 321 North Main Street in the Capitol Hill Historic District in Salt Lake City, Utah

Carol Lindsay Ashton Home


This one story building has a hipped roof central mass and gabled projecting front bay. Leaded glass windows, stone detailing at windows and chimneys are characteristic Tudor Revival influences. – Diana Johnson

William C. Spence purchased this property and the property just to the west
in 1910 from FAE Meyer. The investment paid off in 1925 when Coral Lindsey Ashton and her contractor husband, Edward Ashton, bought the site. The following year a dwelling was constructed for Rosabel H. Ashton who obtained full title in 1929 and maintained ownership until 1945.

Located at 48 Hillside Avenue in the Capitol Hill Historic District in Salt Lake City, Utah