This one-story stuccoed Classical-style brick hall-parlor house was built in 1905 by Rasmus Jensen. The rear kitchen wing is part of the original building, but the central pedimented portico over the front door was added at a later date.
Redick Allred hired Jens “Rock” Sorensen in the mid-1870s to build this one-and-one-half story, hall- parlor type house. Sorensen reportedly used no scaffolding; instead, he carried the cut limestone block on his shoulder while climbing a ladder to the top of the wall. The house is an outstanding example of early Spring City vernacular architecture. The original front entrance was on the broad, west-facing side of the house, Isaac Allred, drugstore owner and self-taught dentist, bought the house in 1880 for $450.
The significance of the Booth House lies in the merit of the architecture. The refined Victorian elegance of this home speaks eloquently of the bourgeois values of the rural entrepreneurial class and the effort they put into making their homes reflect their distance from the less successful participants in the frontier settlement experience.
The text on this page is from the nomination form for the National Register of Historic Places (#79002497), it was added to the register December 6, 1979 and it is located at 94 West 300 South in Nephi, Utah.
Edwin Robert Booth Jr. (1857-1914) was the Nephi City Recorder when he married Anna Elizabeth Brough (1860-1931) and built this home. He had been a councilman in Nephi’s first city government (1889). In 1899 he was elected mayor of Nephi. During the years following this term of office, he served as the postmaster. Booth f s business ventures included executive involvement with the Utah Wool Growers Company and the Nephi National Bank.
Utah Wool Growers Company and the Nephi National Bank. This impressive Victorian house was built by a man influential in local politics. His wife was a member of one of the first non-Indian families in the area–her father John had been one of those (as had Edwin f s father, Edwin Sr.) who had built within the Salt Creek Fort which had been constructed, beginning in 1854, as a defense against local Indians. Her brothers built ; homes in the area James built the home directly south.
Because of Edwin’s civic and business involvements, the Booths entertained extensively. The double parlor in the home was the setting for many parties and dinners–with nieces and nephews pitching-in to help.
Edwin Booth died in 1914; the house became the property of his wife. She lived in the home until 1927, then moved to Salt Lake City to live with her only child, Athelia Pitchforth. Anna’s brother Barton and his family moved into the house. Eventually they rented out the east half of the house, adding a dormer in the attic. The house passed to Athelia upon her mother’s death in 1931. Inherited debts and the general nationwide economic depression contributed to ownership of the house being transferred to a local bank. The Barton Brough family moved out of the home in 1938. His brother William F. bought the house and used it as rental property.
Odell Taylor bought the house several years later. Upon his death, the house was torn apart by relatives looking for money which he had supposedly hidden in the house. It remained unoccupied for many years. In July of this year the Steven Andersons moved into the home and are in the process of restoring it to its former glory.
This Victorian Eclectic Style, 1 1⁄2 story, brick home was constructed c. 1908 by Joseph Webb and Lillian King Brown. Lillian’s parents, Robert Edson and Margaretta Lemon King, lived until 1922, across the street on the current site of the American Fork Library. Margaretta Lemon King was an original 1847 pioneer, and in 1864 the Kings built the first cabin outside the old American Fork Fort. Lillian King was born in this cabin in 1873. Joseph and Lillian owned and operated a large farm one mile south of this house. Joseph died in 1913 at age 43. Lillian, widowed at age 40, raised their 10 children in this home. She worked as a nurse and served for many years as the LDS First Ward Relief Society President. Her sons continued to operate the family farm. Lillian died in 1941. The home was the residence of her son, Robert “Milt” Brown, until his death in 1986. “Milt” was a talented American Fork musician and farmer. The home was restored in 2010 by D.R. Gardner, a grand-nephew of Lillian King.
Altnough Whiterocks Village may not appear to be of special significance when compared to other excavated open “village” sites in Utah, it is, in fact, an extremely important site in a number of respects. First, it stands out from all of the excavated open sites in the Uinta Basin which are considered to be representative of the agricultural Fremont Culture. Of the approximately 20 sites in this category, only 13 have yielded, tottery, which at this tine is the only diagnostic of the Fremont Culture. These sites, with, the exception of Whiterocks Village, have yielded only a very small number of sherds, from 1 to 449, almost all of which is Uinta Gray. Uinta Gray pottery is considered to be the diagnostic pottery type for the variant of the Fremont Culture associated with the Uinta Basin. Given these facts, Whiterocks Village stands out as an apparent anomaly. At Whiterocks Village 5,675 pottery sherds were recovered, 5540 of which were Uinta Gray. Thus, although only partially excavated, the site has yielded more pottery than recovered from all of the other sites in the Uinta Basin combined. At this time, our state of knowledge of the prehistory of the Uinta Basin is so poor that the meaning of this particular situation is not at all clear. -/That is apparent is the fact that Whiterocks Village represents one of the most, if not the most, important sites of the Uinta Fremont Culture. This data could provide a key to understanding agricultural groups in Northeastern Utah and the adjacent areas of Wyoming and Colorado.
Excavation of Whiterocks Village also yielded Large quantities of other types of artifacts including chipped and ground stone, worked tone, shell, corncobs, and beans. In addition, 2 disarticulated skeletons were found. These artifacts also represent the largest collection from excavated Fremont site in the Uinta Basin.
The large quantity of cultural debris probably indicates an intensive occupation, the site may have been a permanent horticultural community. On the basis of architecture and radiocarbon dates (A.D. 320 and A.D. 360) the site has been assigned to the later Whiterocks Phase (A.D. 800-950) of the Uintah Fremont Culture.
The Whiterocks Village Site in Uintah County, Utah was added to the National Historic Register (#76001838) on January 1, 1976.
The Charles Crawforth farmstead is significant as an isolated farmstead in the midst of a farm village settlement region. Deviating from the predominate pattern, the Crawforth farmstead historically demonstrates that Mormon culture in the nineteenth century was not as homogeneous as has often been thought. The opening of a U.S. Land Office in Salt Lake City in 1869 signaled the beginning of a great change in the Mormon Church’s influence on settlement. In the areas already settled, like the Sanpete Valley, little agricultural land remained available. Farmsteads outside the established villages in Sanpete were very rare, and help document the shift there from subsistence agriculture to cash farming–cattle, sheep and cash crops including fruit and sorghum. The outstanding vernacular architecture of the farmstead is an important element of its significance. The large stone I house is a sign of agricultural prosperity and attests to Crawforth’s prominence in the local community.
The text on this page is from the nomination form (#80003956) for the National Register of Historic Places (the farm was added to the register February 19, 1980 and is located at approximately 6700 Crawford Road in Spring City, Utah.
The Sanpete Valley was settled after 1849 by members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) and land occupance here followed a farm village plan advocated by the church leadership. Mormon town planning in the West was based loosely on the “Plat for the City of Zion” developed in 1833 by the Mormon prophet, Joseph Smith. Smith’s plan was built around a nucleated agricultural community where all dwellings and farm buildings would be contained on town lots. Farm acreage would then be located outside the town limits. This town unit, when it reached sufficient size could then be repeated over and over again in other locations. The village settlement pattern was particularly strong in the Sanpete Valley where the persistent threat of Indian attack through the 1870’s made group living attractive. The Crawforth farmstead is located about two miles south of Spring City, a town which has been nominated to the National Register as an excellent and typical example of the Mormon village.
Charles Crawforth was born in Sutton-on-Hall, Yorkshire, England, on May 24, 1824. Following his conversion to the IDS Church in 1854, Crawforth emigrated to Utah and the Mormon Zion. The William Glover Company carried young Crawforth to Utah where he arrived in Provo in 1855. During the next seventeen years he engaged in farming in the Provo area and participated actively in church and civic affairs. In 1873, at the age of 48, Crawforth moved his large family (10 children) to Spring City in Sanpete County. In this new location, farming continued to be his main occupation. The Crawforth family lived within the town limits of Spring City until the big rock house was completed on the outskirts of town in 1884.
Crawforth’s decision to locate outside of town is a departure from the norm. The record shows that he remained active in the LDS Church; religious disaffection seems not to have been an issue in his choice of a building site. The spot where the house stands is extremely attractive and the view northward toward Mt. Nebo particularly inspiring. A sense of individualism and an eye for beauty could well lie beneath Crawforth’s behavior.
Two other changes in the region likely were factors in his move outside the village of Spring City. The opening of a U.S. Land Office in Salt Lake City in 1869 marked the end of a land settlement pattern controlled by the Mormons. Church leaders emphasized throughout the nineteenth century the importance of living together in towns, and the village still dominated the Utah landscape. With the establishment of federal land surveys after 1869, a homesteading pattern of isolated farmsteads filled in the open spaces between established Mormon villages in those counties were land was still available. In the Sanpete Valley, because of its early date of settlement, scarcity of agricultural land had become an issue by the 1870 f s. Two consequences of this scarcity were outmigration (to Emery and Sevier counties) and the attempts to develop cash agriculture cattle, sheep and crops like sorghum and fruit. Crawforth’s development of orchards may have been one reason for his move, which showed that Church control over settlement was declining. The Crawforth farmstead is a reminder that the Mormon landscape was not a strictly uniform landscape.
Charles Crawforth lived in the house from 1884 until his death in 1910. The farmstead was locally a showcase for Crawforth’s talents in landscaping as one observer noted, “he took pride in beautifying his home surroundings and had one of the best kept gardens and orchards in that part of the state.” Later generations of Spring City residents recall stories of peacocks which used to strut proudly around the old house. The cut-stone walk which rings the house seems consistent with this portrait of Crawforth as horticulturalist and landscape architect. Crawforth continued to be a successful farmer and his prestige in the community is evident in the large turnout at his funeral. Bishop Lauritz O. Larsen and Patriarch Rasmus Justesen delivered eulogies at the ceremony.
Following Crawforth’s death the house was passed on to his son, Charles L. Crawforth. The boy’s untimely death in 1918 brought the property into the hands of several family members who sold sections of land to Jacob Johnson, Simon Beck, and Moroni Brough. The house was sold in the 1950’s to James and Dolores Blain and in the 1960’s to Charles Beck. The present owners bought the property several years ago and though the house has been vacant since 1928 they have plans for its restoration.
The Charles Crawforth Farmstead
The Charles Crawforth farmstead is located about two miles south of Spring City, Sanpete County, Utah. The farmstead is composed of a large stone house, a granary/root cellar, a stone carriage house, and a log barn. Found on a small lane which runs off the Pigeon Hollow road, the Crawforth Farm is oriented northward with the view from the farmhouse sweeping up the valley to the snow covered peaks of Mt. Nebo. The farmstead is architecturally important because of its outstanding vernacular buildings and historically intriguing due to its location outside the town limits of Spring City. The area was settled in the 1850’s and 1860’s by member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) and land occupation here during the 19th century normally followed an agriculture village pattern which found dwellings and agricultural structures combined within the village boundaries. As an isolated farmstead, the Crawforth farm deviates from the established village pattern and suggests that the Mormon landscape was not as strictly homogeneous as has often been thought.
The Charles Crawforth House
The crawforth house was built in 1884 of locally quarried oolite limestone. The house is gabled and generally conforms to a “two stories high, two rooms wide, one room deep” I house vernacular type. The most prominent stylistic features of the house features which attest to the lingering appeal of the Greek Revival in the area are the front door transom and the pedimented window heads. The brick gable end chimneys are small and appropriate to their function as stove flues father than fireplaces. The stone is evenly coursed ashlar with pronounced raised jointing.
The house has a basic “hall and parlor” floorplan j with an unusual façade fenestration. Normally folk symmetrical design dictates that upstairs openings be located directly over lower openings. The Crawforth house breaks rules with an unusual “four over three” piecing arrangement. The resultant façade, while slightly off balance, becomes an intriguingly complex rendering of the bilaterally symmetrical principle.
The house has a rear “T” wing, also of stone. This section was either original to the house or built shortly thereafter. The stone on this wing is limestone but of a different sort than that found on the two story front section. The stone on the “T” is a softer variety and because it breaks into square blocks quite easily it can be laid up in even courses without the heavy application of mortar. Though worked easily, this stone has the disadvantage of discoloration and the back has yellowed considerably while the front stone remains a rich cream color.
The house is surrounded by a stone path, about six feet wide of cut blocks. This border is a unique landscaping feature and not encountered on other buildings in the Sanpete valley.
A log granary stands just south of the rear of the house. The granary was essential to the Utah farmer and such buildings are found on all farms. The Crawforth granary is a typical example with a gabled roof covering a one story rectangular plan. Grain bins are reached through a side door. The logs here are left round, chinked, and joined at the corners with a variant (due to the round logs) of the half-dovetail notch. The granary shows some deterioration and one side has been damaged. A stone cellar is found beneath the granary and is reached by stairs running from the outside on the north gable.
South and east of the granary is a stone carriage house. This building is large enough to accommodate both a wagon and stable area. There is a large door in the side and the stone here is the same yellowish soft stone that is found on the rear of the house. The roof of this building is now missing.
Directly east of the house and across the yard is the barn. The barn is log and of the “double-crib” type. The logs are left round and joined with a “V” corner notch. The roof is missing from the structure.
The Harlan and Marie Nelson House is located at 2785 East Lancaster Drive in Salt Lake City, Utah and was added to the National Historic Register (#100006014) on January 4, 2021.
From ksl.com: The Nelson House sticks out to anyone who has crossed its path over the past 58 years. Built from cream brick, plywood, glass and steel, it literally sticks out. “The style is strictly International Style with distinctive features, such as an irregularly-shaped hexagonal roof with prominent roof steel members, walls of glass, an open floor plan in the gathering spaces around a central hearth and a sunken den on the garden level,” historians wrote. “More than the California ranch or other common house styles of the period, popularity of the International Style was inherent on unique clients as they were particularly suited for unique lifestyles.” Harlan Nelson was one of IBM’s top salesmen during the rise of computers in the 1950s. His work took him and his family to Salt Lake City in 1956. A few years later, they hired Utah-based architect Eduard Dreier to design their dream home. Historians noted that Dreier was “a prolific residential architect with a relatively short career,” and the Nelson home is unique among Dreier’s work. He was one of a few Utah-based architects that dabbled in the International Style at this time. It remained with the Nelsons up until Marie Nelson’s death in 2018. It’s still a private residence to this day.
The Y. Martin and Hannah Anderson house, built c. 1910, is a modest example of the Victorian form described as a central block with projecting bays. The Victorian Eclectic detailing was quite common for the era. The house is significant for its association with Sandy’s historical development.
Martin, Hannah, and their daughter Ruth moved to Sandy from Raymond, Canada. Mart, as he was called, found work at the United States Smelting and Refining Company in Midvale, but he wanted to own and operate a butcher shop. In 1911 he opened his own meat and grocery business on the ground floor of the Sandy Opera House. In 1950 Mart sold the house to his daughter Vera Anderson Squires. In 1952 Vera sold the house to Telesphare and Maxine Charlier.
The above text is from the plaque on the home, placed in 2000. The home is located at 8832 South 90 East in the historic sandy area of Sandy, Utah
The Watkins-Coleman home was designed by John Watkins and built in 1863 as a home for his polygamous family. He received his architectural training in England before emigrating to Utah in 1856. While living in northern Utah, Mr. Watkins designed and helped build many lovely homes and church buildings. His grandson, Arthur V. Watkins, became U. S. Senator from Utah.
In 1903, the home was sold to Henry T, Coleman. His daughter and her husband, Francis C. Tatge, inherited the home in 1948. Since 1952 Mrs. Tatge has been living in the home and has kept it in excellent repair.
Because of its distinctive cottage character, and because it is one of early polygamist sun baked brick houses In Utah, it seems wise to preserve it as an excellent example of pioneer home building by an important early Utah architect. Also because of its quality many prominent church official: while visiting the area were overnight guests in the home.
Located at 5 East Main Street in Midway, Utah and added to the National Historic Register (#71000858) on May 14, 1971.
The Crandall Houses at 112 and 136 East 200 North in Springville, Utah are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. They are the Clarence L. Crandall House and the Nelson D. Crandall House. The houses were both built in 1900, and are twin houses that look virtually identical. The designs appear to be adapted from pattern books circulating around that time. The design of the houses reflects the Victorian ideal of adapting high-style architecture to vernacular style homes. The Queen Anne-style trim, in particular, is unique within Springville.