252 South Edison Street in Salt Lake.
This one story home of rectangular plan has a gable roof. The front porch extends the full length of the main facade, with a roof supported by square posts with decorative mouldings with turned balusters between. Windows are two over two, double hung type. A frame extension of lean-to variety is located at the side.
Evidence of title, directories, and sanborn maps suggest this house was built
about 1873, by Edwin Rawlings.
Rawlings was born February 1, 1838 in England. He emigrated to Utah in 1862. He worked as a cabinet maker and carpenter for ZCMI and later for the Co-Op Furniture Co. An accomplished musician, he was a charter member of the martial band organized by Dimick Huntington and associated with the Nauvoo Legion. His wife Annie and three children survived upon his death September 7, 1914.
271 C Street
This two-and-one-half story Victorian Eclectic style house was built by James D. Adams in 1891 for Clarence E. Allen, an attorney. However, Adams lived here until Allen sold the house to Lorenzo Snow, Jr., in 1900. After several short-term owners and a decade of rental use, Hermann Wullstein purchased the house in 1910. A blacksmith and master mechanic for Utah Copper Company, Wullstein lived here with his wife, Mary Neiman Wullstein, until his death in 1934.
Perhaps based on a pattern book design, this “rectangular block” house type was not uncommon during the era of Victorian styles in Utah, from about 1880 to 1910. The bay window supported on a solid arching bracket, the gable-end shingles, the front transoms with decorative border lights, and the classically detailed porch with sunburst patterns reflect the fact that Victorian Eclectic was an amalgam of styles and elements rather than a distinct style. Recently restored, this historic frame house contributes to the architectural character and continuity of the Avenues Historic District.
Interesting history compiled by Rachel Quist:
In April 1898 the Rescue Home for “fallen women” rented this house.
Within the next 10 months the Rescue Home had 20 applicants, 5 births, 1 death, 1 marriage, 7 women placed in suitable outside homes, and 2 children were taken to the orphanage.
Neighbors on C Street objected to the Rescue Home and in Sept 1899 they petitioned the SLC Council to have the home removed and stop financial support.Thomas A. Horne, who lived just north at 277 C St, was the primary objector who complained “the women are boisterous, they make noise…and they sing indecent songs.They contaminate the children.”
Not wishing to antagonize the neighbors on C Street, the Rescue Home soon signed a 3-month lease on a larger house at 54 S 1200 East from owner Judge Loofbourow. The neighborhood soon made vigorous objections and Judge Loofbourow cancelled the lease without notifying the Rescue Home first.
In Nov 1899 the Rescue Home found another house in Sugar House area and paid 4 months rent in advance. University of Utah Professor Byron Cummings (Football & Archaeology) led the objection citing the 35 children in the neighborhood. The Rescue Home was given 3 months to vacate.
Frustrated that “respectable communities” disallowed the Rescue Home they looked for a new location in the “slums” of Commercial Street (now Regent St) but they could not find a suitable location, likely due to the high rents that the brothels and other businesses could pay.
After months of looking for a new location, the Rescue Home’s Board of Directors decided that to continue the work would be useless and the entire board resigned in Feb 1900.
A new board was established who vowed to continue the work and even secured additional locations. University of Utah Art Professor Edwin Evans led the protest against the 1458 S 1300 East location in March 1900.
Even after the Rescue Home closed itself to prostitutes and only allowed “reformable” women the neighbors protested so vigorously that the location at 51 S 800 E was also abandoned.
By Jan 1902 the whole organization was turned over to the Salvation Army who operated similar homes throughout the country with much success…. except in SLC.
It is commissioned art by William Littig and Paul Heath for Utah’s 1996 Centennial Celebration.
Depicted on the northeast side from left to right:
- 1 – 1848 – the first pioneers settled in the Murray area which was previously called South Cottonwood. The group arrived from the southern states in October 1848 under the direction of Amada Lyman and lived in wagons and dugouts for the first winter just south of the present day South Cottonwood LDS Ward Chapel.
- 2 – Cahoon Mansion and Street Clock was built in 1899 by the prestigious Cahoon family who owned the Miller Cahoon Company (lumber and hardware), Progress Company (power), Murray Orchard (irrigation) and Salt Lake Pressed Brick (now known as Interstate Brick). The Mansion is built on 4 levels, contains 33 rooms, and has more than 12,000 square feet. It was placed on the National Historic Register in 1984.
- 3 – Automobile transportation began to grow after the turn of the century and for many years moved alongside the trolley tracks.
- 4 – Carnegie Library, better known as the Vine Street library built in 1916 was one of two Carnegie libraries built in Utah with a $10,000 donation by US tycoon Andrew Carnegie.
- 5 – State Street Trolley came to Murray in 1895 and operated from electric wires hung above the tracks.
- 6 – Harker Building and Murray Mercantile were build side by side in 1898. The Harker building is Murray’s only historic three-story brick structure and has housed apartments, doctor offices, floral shops, bakeries, taverns, jewelry stores, and the Murray Eagle. The Murray Mercantile featured many turn-of-the-century items such as buggy whips and button shoes which were still on hand when the store closed in 1976.
- 7 – Street lights were some of the first improvements added by the newly incorporated city.
- 8 – Cooperative stores were common during the early days of the community when the settlers would trade their own crops and produce for things they needed. This particular storefront is designed from one of the first stores in Murray owned by Mr. Warenski.
- 9 – Pioneer family and adobe home represents the early settlers. Between 20 and 40 families farmed the Murray area during the first 20 years. The pioneers first lived in dugouts and log cabins. Eventually they were able to use the clay soil to make adobe bricks for their homes.
- 10 – 1902 – residents voted to incorporate as Murray City with C.L. Miller as the first Mayor.
Depicted on the southwest side from left to right:
- 11 – Smelter Building and stacks represent one of the most notable landmarks in the Salt Lake Valley. The smelter industry began in Murray in 1870 with up to 16 different smelters operating at different times in the south end of the valley. ASARCO began operating in 1899 where the previous Germania Smelter had been operating since 1972. ASARCO was the last operating smelter in Murray which rebuilt its tallest smokestack in 1918 at 455 feet to help dissipate large concentrations of sulphur.
- 12 – Farmers plowing with horse represents the agricultural element that was present in Murray for many years. In 1859, James Fickel made the first plow in Murray using iron from braces and wheels of old army wagons. The plow was hammered into its shape and pulled by three yoke of oxen.
- 13 – City Hall was built in 1908 on the northeast corner of Vine and State Street. The two story building was made of granite blocks for the foundation. Oak paneling was used inside and a beautiful clock tower and large bell adorned the top. The building housed a court room, police station, city officials, and later a small library. Restrooms called comfort stations were built under city hall with the entrance located outside and downstairs. This beautiful building was destroyed in the 1950s.
- 14 – Firemen stand around a fire truck ready to serve the public.
- 15 – Day Murray Music began operating in 1947.
- 16 – Murray Laundry began operating south of our current city hall in 1910.
- 17 – Murray Theater opened its doors to the public.
- 18 – Trains arrived in Murray via the Utah Southern Railroad in 1871.
- 19 – Trees were located mostly along the Cottonwood Creeks.
In the early 1960s, the U.S. Air Force began searching for a remote location from which to test-fire scaled-down versions of Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs) to White Sands Missile Range (WSMR) in Southern New Mexico. Union Carbide’s uranium milling site at Green River came to the Air Force’s attention, as it had the infrastructure and transportation connections that suited it for missile assembly and storage, and the isolation and security – as well as land mass – required for safe test launching.
The Green River Test Site (GRTS), also known as the Utah Launch Complex, was a satellite facility of WSMR. It was activated in December 1962 in support of the Air Force’s Advanced Ballistic Re-entry System (ABRES) test program. As one of three national missile range hosts WSMR provided major support in the construction and operation of the GRTS. The ABRES program was developed to study missiles’ re-entry behavior and test anti-ballistic missile defenses through the simulation of the full flight dynamics of an ICBM within the confines of the U.S. From 1964 through 1973, the Air Force fired 141 Athena missiles from the GRTS to WSMR as part of this effort and employed close to 200 people.
As the Athena program wound down, the Army added facilities at the GRTS in 1971 to support the nuclear-capable Pershing missile field artillery system firings. These facilities included a bivouac area or “tent city,” a bunker, and launch areas, and served to train U.S. and West German troops in the use of the mobile Pershing launch system. The program launched 61 missiles through 1975, when launching moved to other locations. The GRTS was a significant employer and economic driver for the Green River community for 20 years.
May We Have Peace
This Bronze Sculpture is one of the most important works created by the 20th Century master Allan Houser who taught at the Intermountain Intertribal School in Brigham City, Utah from 1951-1962. It was among the 19 monumental works by the artist loaned from his estate to the Cultural Olympiad during the 2002 Olympic Winter Games. It’s Permanent acquisition for the citizens of Salt Lake City was made possible by the Salt Lake Foundation with efforts spearheaded by Karen Edson and Sharon Newton. “May We Have Peace” serves as a legacy of the Olympic harmony. Other castings of this edition are included in major museum and corporate collections across the United States, including the Smithsonian in Washington, D.C.