Callao is a small farming community in northern Snake Valley, along the border of Juab County and Tooele County, Utah, United States. It was part of the original Pony Express overland route, and was first called Willow Springs in 1860.
Round Station/Canyon Station
This stabilized fortification, known in modern times as Round Station, was built in 1863 to serve the Overland Stage. It was probably the third incarnation of Canyon Station, the first two having been burned by Indians. The ruin at Round Station is that of a structure probably used for defense, and the foundation of the station is visible to the south and east across the parking lot. The interpretation is the product of a cooperative agreement among the BLM, National Park Service, and the Utah Division of the National Pony Express Association.
Of the canyon ahead, now called Overland Canyon, Burton observed: “Nothing, certainly, could be better fitted for an ambuscade than this gorge, with its caves and holes in snow cuts, earth-drops, and lines of strata, like walls of rudely piled stone; in one place we saw the ashes of an Indian encampment; in another a whirlwind, curling, as smoke would rise, from behind a projecting spur, made us advance with the greatest caution.”
(*)Information provided by Patrick Hearty, NPEA Utah, 2005.
Boyd Station, or Boyd’s, may also have been known as Butte or Desert Station. It does not appear on the 1861 mail contract, but Burton describes a stop here, and Egan mentioned it as a Pony Express station. It was built by and named for station keeper George Washington Boyd in about 1855. George W. died in Salt Lake City in 1903. “Bid” Boyd, a relative of George, lived at the station until around the turn of the century. According to local resident and Pony Express historian David Bagley, he didn’t do much but hang out there and enjoy the solitude.
In Saddles and Spurs, the Settles say that Boyd Station was a log structure, but the stabilized ruins are of stone, in agreement with most other accounts. James Sharp says it was a one-room stone cabin which had gun ports on all four sides. There was apparently a small spring of very brackish water near Boyd Station. A well was dug to try to improve the water supply, but all that was found was brine so strong they used it to cure meat, according to Sharp. A poison spring was found a distance to the north, marked by numerous bones of dead animals.
The stabilized ruin at Boyd’s, on BLM-administered land, is one of the best preserved of the Pony Express stations in western Utah.
The first human occupation of the Fish Springs Marsh can be traced to the gradual evaporation of Pleistocene Lake Bonneville around 11,000 years ago and the formation of the marsh. Today, the Great Salt Lake and Utah Lake are all that remain of Lake Bonneville. Archaeological and botanical remains from Hot Springs Cave suggest the inhabitants of the cave were hunting and gathering the abundance of wild animals and plants that occur in this marsh environment.
Pony Express Stations in Utah:
Round Station (Canyon Station)
Rush Valley (Faust’s)
East Rush Valley
Travellers’s Rest and Trader’s Rest
Salt Lake House
Head of Echo Canyon
Pony Express Stations in Wyoming:
Quaking Asp Springs
Green River Crossing
9 Mile House
SUP #51 went missing, replaced as SUP #187
This is the last summit in the Wasatch Mountains along the pioneer trail. From this point the trail descends northwest until it reaches Emigration Creek. As William Clayton’s emigrants guide warns, “The descent is very steep all the way.”
The Donner Party passed over the summit August 21, 1846 and the Mormons on July 21, 1847.
Note: This monument was refurbished by the Salt Lake City Chapter SUP and dedicated on July 21, 2015 as SUP monument #187. The plaque indicates a dedication date of May 2015 – however the dedication was delayed due to considerable rain during May and June.
Located in Historic Sandy.
The Thomas Elof & Beda Anderberg House, built C. 1895, is significant for its association with Sandy’s historical development. This house is a single-story frame Victorian Eclectic crosswing type with wooden drop siding.
Thomas E. Anderberg was an early leader in the Sandy community. Thomas E. Anderberg learned the painting trade and was also millwright. He supposedly labored at one time or another on every mill in the state of Utah. He also served as a trustee of the Sandy School Board and was a member of the Lutheran Church, the Ladies Aid of the Sandy Congregational Church, and the Sandy Social Club.
The James and Mariah Cushing house in Historic Sandy was built c. 1891, is significant for its association with Sandy‘s historical development. The original house is a common example from the era. Its remodeling c. 1920, after being damaged by fire, is also significant. The house, originally a cross-wing, was rebuilt in the bungalow style, which was gaining national popularity and now reflects changing architectural tastes of the period.
The Cushings had immigrated to Utah in 1853 and raised eight children here. James participated in the rescue of the Martin handcart company, assisted in stringing the first telegraph wire through Salt Lake, and worked on the Salt lake Temple. After building this house, the Cushings lived the rest of their lives in it, surrounded by their children and grandchildren. In 1919 the house was sold to Thomas and Alice Davies. Thomas worked as a boiler maker on the railroad and then at the American Smelting and Refining Company in Murray. The Davies moved to Provo in 1927 and used the house as a rental until 1938.
Located in Historic Sandy.
This two-story Queen Anne house was built in 1893. At that time Sandy was a rural community and still isolated enough for a Victorian house of this size and detailing to be unique. The local children called it the “castle house.”
William and Amorillis Gammet Vincent moved to Sandy soon after their marriage in 1875. William, a former railroad conductor in Salt Lake, became a foreman of the Pioneer Ore Sampling Mill and later owned a saloon. The Vincent’s owned several houses in Sandy before building this large one to live in with their seven children. As prominent citizens of the community, the couple hosted many social events such as dances held on the floor of the sampling mill. They also held many events at their elegant home with its polished stairways and light room with extensive views. Amorillis was an avid gardner and the flower gardens surrounding the house were especially elaborate under her care. William died in 1921. In 1934, three years after the death of Amorillis, the property was deeded to their daughter, Mildred, and her husband, William W. O’Brien.