The Bingham Canyon Mine was the first open-pit copper mine in the world.
Initiated in 1904, it remained the most productive of all the low-grade copper mines which soon appeared. Today it still yields about 14 percent of all U.S. copper production.
Bingham Canyon flourished as a scene of gold and silver mining from 1863 to 1893, In 1887 Colonel Enos A. Wall discovered and filed claim to the vast deposit of low-grade copper ore that was later to become the open pit mine. With the gold and silver mining still highly profitable, Wall’s efforts to finance a copper mining operation were unsuccessful, and in 1903 he sold the property on option to a group of investors who had become interested in the prospect through the efforts of Daniel C. Jackling, Jackling had previously investigated the property and has generally been credited with initiating and promoting the concepts for mining and processing the relatively “low grade” copper ore deposits that has since resulted in open pit copper mines being developed throughout the world. In 1903 the Utah Copper Company was organized and in 1904 completed the Copperton Mill.
From 1904 through 1982 the mine has yielded 1,585,936,689 tons of ore, from which 24,696,043,506 pounds of copper were, extracted. The immense output of this mine lifted Utah from the ranks of the minor copper-producing states in 1902 to fourth place in the nation by 1919.
- The mine is listed as a National Historic Landmark
- It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places (#66000736) on November 13, 1966.
The Bingham Canyon Mine (open pit copper) is terraced into approximate 50′ levels with ramp access between levels. More terraces are added as the mine deepens. In 1983, the mine was more than 2.3 miles wide and a half mile deep, Waste dumps formed from the removal of over burden can be seen from Salt Lake City. Ore is removed from the mine by railroad cars whi.ch exit through one of three tunnels or from the edge of the pit. A visitor observation point provides a comprehensive view of the pit.
The boundary line is a rectangle that encompasses the mine pit and it’s interior. The perimeter of the mine pit is relatively fixed for the next 10 years.
I watch the building permits that are issued every week and when there’s a permit to demolish something I go running to document it before it is gone. I love being able to look back years later and see what was there and what is currently there.
This one is a couple of homes that burned, one at 35 North and one at 37 North on 900 West in Salt Lake.
The two photos below are from the county records:
Located at 630 S Main Street in Centerfield, Utah, this beautiful 1923 home was nicknamed the Sugar Mansion being across the street from the sugar beet processing plant.
This charming property was developed in the mid-1920’s by William Wrigley (1861-1932) of Chicago, the millionaire whose name appears on Wrigley Field and the chewing gum. This house and garage are excellent examples of the English Tudor Revival style, popular after World War I. The steeply-pitched roof gables, half-timbering, narrow dormers, ornamental chimneys, slanted bay windows, and light-colored stucco are typical of this picturesque style. English design elements also were used inside, including low ceilings and archways between rooms. Inside and out, fine design and craftsmanship are evident. The carefully landscaped grounds continue the European theme with a ‘fence’ of concrete posts and chains, masonry walls, meandering paths and exceptional plantings.
Mr. Wrigley built this home for the superintendent of the Gunnison Sugar Factory, a million dollar factory which he owned and established locally in 1917. Set on one acre of ground, this property’s artistic landscaping harbored many varieties of birds in trees such as locust, Chinese elm and fruit trees, accompanied by distinctive privet hedges. The manicured yard was simultaneously watered and fertilized by built-in sprinklers that sprayed run-off water rich in beet pulp and piped in from the sugar factory across the highway. Later, the home was purchased by Frank and Betty Ginder so sold it to the present owners, Juan and Vicky Larson in 1975.*