Temple Square Hotel
The Temple Square Hotel, once located on this corner, opened to much fanfare in 1930. Designed by the firm of Ashton and Evans, the hotel was one of the finest in the city, featuring a private bath and built in radio in every room. A more intimate setting than the grand Hotel Utah up the street, it marked the city’s growth as a regional business center.
For decades, the Temple Square Hotel was a particularly popular venue for wedding celebrations. The hotel was renovated and renamed the Inn at Temple Square in 1990 and then demolished in 2006 to make way for the Promontory on South Temple.
The Fremont Indians
The Fremont culture, so named because the first site attributed to these people was discovered by archaeologists along the Fremont River in central Utah, was found throughout most of present day Utah, as well as in parts of Wyoming, Idaho, Nevada, and Colorado. representing a shift in the economic strategies of native groups, the Fremont used farming, a new technology at the time, for some of their subsistence. For thousands of years, the Native Americans living in the Utah area were hunter-gatherers, moving from place to place, extracting resources from the environment as they moved along. Around 200 BC to 1 AD however, farming was introduced from the south. It is not known whether the first Fremont were local groups who learned how to farm from their southern neighbors or actually southern residents who moved northward.
A Remarkable Discovery
When TRAX light rail construction along South Temple Street near Third West uncovered bones in a backhoe trench on June 8th, 1998, archaeologists from the State Antiquities Section investigated and determined that an archaeological site had been encountered. Excavation of the site by the Antiquities Section and the Office of Public Archaeology at Brigham Young University revealed houses, storage areas, work areas and artifacts related to the ancient Fremont culture. Occupied approximately 700 years ago, the site may represent the edge of a large village where people fished, hunted, gathered wild plants, and farmed corn, beans and squash. The archaeological endeavors at this and other sites have taught archaeologists much about the architecture, tools, and food of the Fremont people. Their language, religion, stories or myths however, remain a mystery. Perhaps taking a moment to learn a little about this ancient culture and reflect on the lives of those who dwelt on this land before will help us gain a greater understanding of ourselves and our own relationship to this land.
The South Temple Site
As farmers, the Fremont left much different archaeological remains than the hunter-gatherers before them. They moved around, but also built more permanent architecture such as pit houses and other features associated with longer-term occupation.
The South Temple discovery is one of the few Fremont sites in the Salt Lake area that has been excavated. Development such as farming and construction have destroyed many sites. Evidence gathered from other sites located near the shores of the Great Salt Lake shows that this area was heavily populated 1000 years ago. The Fremont probably used this area for extracting important resources such as waterfowl and other marsh animals, gathering wild plants and fruit, and processing those resources for use. There is evidence at the site of trade with Fremont groups in the Southern San Rafael area and possibly with groups in what is now southern Idaho and southwestern Utah.
The Fremont lived throughout this region for over one thousand years. After around 1300 or 1350 AD, however, all archaeological evidence of the Fremont disappears. The Numic groups, ancestors of the Ute, Goshute, and other modern tribes, began to appear at this time.
With the exception of a similar site approximately three blocks south of the South Temple site that was dug several years ago, no other major Fremont villages have ever been excavated in the Salt Lake Valley. This is primarily due to the early and intensive land development by pioneers which covered, destroyed, or otherwise masked the Fremont site locations. The South Temple discovery promises to be a major piece of the Fremont puzzle, adding to our limited knowledge of this ancient culture.
123 N Street
This house was built in 1890 at a cost of $2,500 and is typical of Victorian houses built in the Avenues in the late 19th century. The first resident was Charles H. Brink, manager of Joslin and Park Jewelers, one of the earliest such businesses in Salt Lake City. Subsequent owners include stockman Howard H. Lawson, 1906-21, and cabinetmaker Peter Moss, 1927-early 1940s.
Mormon Battalion Monument
THE MORMON BATTALION HISTORY
In May and June 1846 the services of the Mormon people–enroute to the west–were officially tendered to the United States government then at war with Mexico. President James K. Polk authorized Colonel Stephen W. Kearney, commander of the army of the west, to enlist the hundred Mormon volunteers and march to California. Captain James Allen who was detailed to make the enlistment arrived at the Mormon camps June 26. After three weeks recruiting with the aid of Brigham Young and other officials of the Mormon Church, the Mormon Battalion was mustered into the United States service at Council Bluffs, Iowa, July 16. The march was via Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas, thence to Santa Fe, New Mexico, where the Battalion arrived in two divisions in October. Here Lieutenant-Colonel P. St. George Cook was given command. The Battalion left Santa Fe October 19 and marched southward down the Real Del Norte to 32 degrees. 41 north latitude: thence south and westward to near the headwaters of the San Padro, north and westward to Tucson and so to the Pacific. The march of over 2,000 miles ended at San Diego, January 29, 1847. The Battalion served in garrison duty in San Diego, San Luis Rey and Los Angeles, and in outpost duty Cajon Pass until the term of enlistment ended July 16, 1847. Eighty-one members of the Battalion re-enlisted for six months additional service and were known as the Mormon Volunteers”(sic)
“Headquarters Mormon Battalion Mission of San Diego January 30, 1847” “Order No. 1” “History may be searched in vain for an equal march of infantry***Through a wilderness, where nothing but savages and wild beasts are found, where, for want of water, there is no living creature***We have dug deep wells, which the future traveler will enjoy.*** Venturing into trackless tablelands where water was not found for several marches.***Worked our way over mountains and hewed a path through a chasm of living rock***To bring these first wagons to the Pacific***the garrison***of Tucson, gave us no pause, we drove them out with their artillery, but our intercourse with the citizens was unmarked by a single act of injustice. Thus, marching half naked and half fed, and living upon wild animals, we have discovered and made a road of great value to our country.***By order Lieut-Colonel P. St. George Cook, P. C. Merrill, Adjutant” Seven members of the Battalion participated in the discovery of gold in California, January 24, 1848 Detachments of the Battalion that had been invalided to Pueblo on Arkansas-numbering one hundred fifty men- joined Brigham Young’s original pioneer company in Salt Lake Valley five days after the entrance of the pioneers, and participated in founding the commonwealth of Utah. By their justice to the conquered, by their courage and endurance, and by their patriotic devotion, the members of the Mormon Battalion brought lasting honor to their people to the State of Utah and to the nation. Plaque B: (North, size same)
THE MORMON BATTALION
.. List of members of the Mormon Battalion ..
This is located at the Utah State Capitol Building in Salt Lake City, Utah.
In Tribute to the Utah Pioneers
In Tribute to The Utah Pioneers – The founders of Utah, stalwart empire builders, led by Brigham Young, entered the valley of the Great Salt Lake as its first permanent settlers July 24, 1847. This was then Mexican Territory. By the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, February 2, 1848, the area was ceded to the United States.
As the first organized government in the Rocky Mountain Region, the provisional State of Deseret was created March 5, 1849, to function under its Constitution until the Congress of the United States shall otherwise provide. The Territory of Utah was established September 9, 1850. Brigham Young, who had been elected governor of Deseret, was appointed governor of the Territory of Utah by Millard Fillmore, the President of the United States.
Utah became the 45th State in the Union January 4, 1896.
With loyalty to high principles and unwavering trust in God, the “Mormon” Pioneers established this commonwealth framing its government according to the orderliness of their lives, thus gaining for themselves and their posterity the inspiring freedom assured to all citizens of our Republic.
555 East 100 South
Constructed in 1927, the historic Armista Apartments, now condominiums, is one of many historic urban apartment buildings built in Salt Lake City during the early 1900s. The building is a three-story rectangular-shaped structure with a parapet roof, brick exterior walls, windows that are recessed in vertical spandrel bays, concrete foundation with a basement, symmetrical facade, and modest Colonial Revival styling. It is an example of the double-loaded corridor type of apartment building, which has a main central hallway with living spaces opening off either side.
The Armista Apartments were originally built and owned by Herrick and Company, headed by Nelson L. Herrick. The company was active in development in the Salt Lake City region during the 1920s, this building being one of at least eight apartments that they built between 1925 and 1930. The original cost of constructing the building was approximately $80,000. It was advertised in local papers as:
“splendid three-room apartments, equipped with electric ranges and electric refrigeration. $40.00 to $42.00. One of the most modernly equipped and conveniently located apartments in the city. Make reservations now.”
In 1931, Herrick and Company sold the building to Stanley D. and Valaite Decker, who conditioned to own the building until the mid-1940s. The building was renamed the Waldorf Apartments in 1933 and continued under that name for many decades. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, in 2007 the building was converted to the Armista Condominiums by Metaview Development.
Simon Bamberger House
This house was constructed c.1880 as the residence for the Simon Bamberger family. Born February 27, 1845 of Jewish Parents in the German Village of Eberstadt in Hesse-Darmstadt, Bamberger immigrated to the United States in 1859 at the age of fourteen. He worked in his brother’s clothing store until coming west with the Union Pacific railroad construction crews as a manager of a company store. Arriving in Utah in 1869, he was successful in several business ventures including the Bamberger Railroad which ran between Ogden and Salt Lake City. Simon Bamberger was elected Governor from 1917 until 1921. In 1979 the house was renovated for offices by John B. Anderson.
James & Susan Langton House
This large, two-story house, constructed in 1908, is an unusually well-designed eclectic version of a four-square type house. The well-known Salt Lake City architect Bernard O. Mechlenburg combined elements of the Tudor and Classical styles in its design. Some of these features include a full-width front porch that is decorated with turned baluster and Tudor arched openings, and metal tile shingles on the roof. The original ten-room interior of the house was altered when it was converted into apartments in the 1930s – a common practice for larger residences in urban areas of that area.
James Langton, born in 1853, lived in Dodge City, Kansas, and was involved in the early Indian wars there. In 1889 he moved to Salt Lake City, drawn by the burgeoning mining industry. He eventually entered the lime and cement business, establishing his own company in 1894. This company became one of the leading wholesalers of these products in the state. Langton married Susan Ross, born in Rochester, New York, around 1897. James died in an auto accident in 1913 in Millcreek Canyon. Susan sustained serious injuries but recovered. Until her death, she shared the house with various married daughters at different times. She turned the house into apartments in 1937, two years prior to her death.
17 South 1200 East
Another of the historic homes located in the University Neighborhood Historic District.
This Victorian Eclectic style house was constructed c. 1893 for Frederick W. Little, a Salt Lake real estate agent. The house was used for a rental throughout much of its early history, with its primary tenants being U of U students. Charles H. Post, a tire salesman, purchased the home in 1918. The home was sold to Waide Condon, a newspaper reporter and editor, in 1935. In 1948, Condon sold the home to notable newspaperman, John W. “Jack” Gallivan. Gallivan lived his professional life working in nearly every department of the Salt Lake Tribune. In 1960, he would become the paper’s publisher, a role he would keep until 1984 when he retired. He and his wife, Grace Mary, had four children: Grace, John W. Jr., Michael, and Timothy. Jack Gallivan helped built the Salt Palace, pave the way for the 2002 Olympics and the Utah Jazz, and put Utah on the tourism map. His name is memorialized on the Gallivan Center. Gallivan entertained many national dignitaries in their home, including Jack, Bobby and Ted Kennedy.