210 North 200 East in Heber City, Utah
historichebercity’s instagram account has an interesting post here:
March is Women’s History Month so we’re happy to introduce some of the women who have played an integral part in the history of Heber.
Meet Lavina Elizabeth Averett Murdock.
Born in 1867 in Heber City, UT. Lavina was the second child of William and Elizabeth Averett. William and Elizabeth were among the earliest settlers in the valley.
Lavina learned responsibility and hard work as a child. In 1894 she married Nelson Murdock and the two quickly became the parents of 5 children. In 1903 tragedy struck the young family when Nelson took his own life by drinking poison. Lavina was left to figure out how to care for her family.
Just a few months after her husbands death Lavina found employment as the city recorder and was paid $40 monthly.
Even though she had no formal education past 8th grade in 1905 Lavina began her career in local government by being elected treasurer of Wasatch County. She was the first woman to be elected as a county treasurer in the state of Utah. Lavina successfully continued in what was then a man’s world by holding the treasurer’s office from 1905-1917. In 1913 she was chosen to be the first woman to serve on the school board as trustee. In 1920 she was chosen to be the school board treasurer.
In 1905 Lavina and her family moved into a home on the corner of 2nd E and 2nd N. She worked hard to pay for her home and often would rent rooms to help pay for the home. At one time she provided rooms in her home to be used as hospital rooms by Dr. Hatch since there was no hospital in town. Lavina raised and supported her 5 children on her own. In her later adult years she visited and lived with her adult children around the country. She lived to be 90 years old. She is buried in the Heber City Cemetery.
In 1847 pioneer Isaac Chase built a one-room shanty and a sawmill on Emigration Creek. A few years later he joined with Mormon leader Brigham Young, owner of the adjacent allotments, and together they built a flour mill and this house, the centerpiece of a 110-acre pioneer-era farm now known as Liberty Park.
Construction on the house began in the winter of 1853 and the Chase family lived here until 1860, when Young gave Chase land in Centerville in exchange for his interest in this property. The Brigham Young Jr. family, followed by other millers and their families, subsequently lived here. In 1881 the farm was sold to Salt Lake City for use as a city park, and for eight decades park employees lived in the house. In 1964 the Daughters of Utah Pioneers opened the house to the public as a museum, and in 1983 it became a gallery and later a museum for the Utah Arts Council.
The Chase home is one of a few remaining houses in Salt Lake City that date from the 1850s. Its symmetrical façade, smooth stucco, and boxed cornices with gable-end returns are all hallmarks of the Greek Revival style that was popular with early Mormon builders. The distinctive two-story front porch was a later addition, having been built sometime after 1916. In 2000 the home was renovated with donations from Salt Lake City, the State of Utah, and the LDS Church.
The William H. Culmer home was built in 1881. William and his brothers, George and Henry, immigrated with their parents from England to America in 1867. A year later they arrived in Utah. While still a boy in England, William became good friends with Charles Dickens. In the last years of his life, William Culmer wrote an account of his life as “one of the Dickens Boys.” This account was published in 1970 under the title Billy the Cartwheeler.
In Utah, the Culmer brothers organized their own firm, G.F, Culmer
and Brothers, and were successful in several areas: Wholesale and retail
distribution of paints, oils, varnishes, window and art glass, manufacturers of mirrors and show cases; workers in art and stained glass, and
manufacturers of galvanized iron work. In addition, they were officers
and managers of the Wasatch Asphaltum Company which paved many of Salt Lake City’s streets; The Wasatch Marble Quarries, The Mountain Stone
Quarries, and The Kyune Sandstone Quarry which produced the stone for
several of Utah’s important historic sites including the Salt Lake City and County Building, the Cathedral of the Madeleine, and the First Church
of Christ Scientist building in Salt Lake City.
William Culmer died in 1939 at the age of 87. During the period of much of Utah’s industrial development, he and his brothers played an important part.
Despite the importance of William Culmer the significance of his home is that it is a prime example of Victorian architecture and, most important, the art work inside the home was executed by his nationally known brother Henry Culmer.
Henry Culmer found the painting of Seccos and stencil work to be a relaxing weekend pastime.
The Culmer Home also represents a distinct period in Utah history. Built in 1881, it represents an intermediate period of luxury home construction. It was built between the earlier Bee-Hive House and Devereaux House, built by the ecclesiastical and economic leaders of the Mormon community, and the later period of mining magnate mansions at the turn of the century built primarily by non Mormons.
Though somewhat more modest than either the early Mormon mansions or
later mining mansions, the Culmer home was built for one of Utah’s most
prosperous businessmen at a time when the polygamy issue hampered this
kind of construction for most of Utah’s devout Mormons and at a time when
the mining industry was still in its infant stage.
This cross-wing Gothic Revival house was built in 1877 for George Bonner, Jr. It was designed and built by John Watkins, an accomplished Utah builder who constructed many of the first homes in Midway. It was built at the same time as his brother William’s house across the street to the east. Both houses were reportedly completed and furnished in time for both their weddings in January 1878.
George Bonner, Jr. was born in 1850 in Scotland. His family emigrated to Utah and settled near Midway in 1861. In 1874, he and his brother William established a successful mercantile business, which George eventually took over. George and his wife Phebie lived in this house until their deaths in 1913 and 1914, respectively.
Located at 90 East Main Street in Midway, Utah
Constructed c. 1876, the George Bonner, Sr., House is one of seven houses contained in the Architecture of John Watkins Thematic Resource Nomination, having been designed and built by John Watkins, an accomplished early Utah
builder. John Watkins’ work effectively illustrates the dynamic role the professional builder played in shaping Utah’s early architectural landscape. While it has been customary for historians to explain Utah architecture from the time of first settlement in 1847 up to about 1890 as the simple extension of eastern folk styles or the replication of popular pattern-book designs, John Watkins’ houses suggest a more generous appraisal. Slave to neither tradition nor pattern-book, Watkins found useful ideas in both, ideas that formed the basis of essentially new if nevertheless familiar designs. From two-room cottages to elaborate Gothic Revival houses to houses intended for multi-family polygamous living, Watkins drew upon his broad building experience to create not copies of other houses, but new ones designed to meet his client’s functional, aesthetic, and symbolic needs. This house is significant not only as an important example of the Gothic Revival style in early Utah, but also because it demonstrates Watkins’ ability to deftly manipulate basic picturesque design concepts. Drawing upon a set of ideas embodied in the basic cross-wing house form, Watkins was able to generate a rich variety of housing designs.
John Watkins was born in Maidsone, Kent, England in 1834. He received training in the building trade in his native England before joining the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and emigrating to Utah in 1855. Watkins’
skills were welcomed in the nascent Mormon towns of, first, Provo, and then Midway. In Provo, Watkins helped build the original LDS Tabernacle (1856).
George’s sons homes are across the street:
Located at 103 East Main Street in Midway, Utah
Built in 1877 for William Bonner, this is one of several Gothic Revival style houses in Midway that were designed and constructed by John Watkins, an accomplished local builder. Watkins, an emigrant from England in 1856, demonstrated his considerable architectural knowledge and skills by combining variations of the cross-wing house form with Gothic Revival stylistic elements to create houses which, though similar to each other, are each unique. Watkins’ houses are among the best examples of Gothic Revival style in Utah. William’s father’s house, located across the street to the north, and his brother George’s house on the corner to the west, were also built by John Watkins. This house and George’s house were reportedly built and completely furnished in time for both their weddings in January 1878. Together, William and George operated the Bonner Mercantile for a number of years, then William devoted full time to his livestock operations, raising purebred horses and cattle. William and his wife Sarah Eliza Bronson remained in this house until their deaths in 1925 and 1946, respectively.
Located at 110 East Main Street in Midway, Utah
James William Clyde House
This historic brick Victorian Eclectic style house was constructed circa 1884 for Richard and Agnes Jones. They lived in the house for only a few years before selling it to James William Clyde in December of 1889. Mr. Clyde lived in the home until about 1927, when hw built a new house adjacent to this one. During this first quarter of the twentieth century, Clyde was an influential contributor to Heber City. He ran a successful cattle-ranching enterprise and operated various small businesses. His influence as a politician in many capacities included service as a state legislator, state senator, and the first mayor of Heber City. The home retains its historic architectural integrity and is a key contributing resource on Heber City’s Main Street.
Located at 312 South Main Street in Heber City, Utah.
The significance of the McDonald House lies in typifying the values of a
middle-class newly emerged from the struggles to establish themselves in
pioneer society. The simple dignity of the McDonald House suggests the residence of a hard working, upwardly mobile, skilled tradesman. The very
plain house has few stylistically distinguishing details, and the central hall
plan is a vestige of earlier vernacular house types. located away from the
center of Salt Lake City, it documents the scattered pattern of settlement in
the outlaying areas of the Salt Lake Valley. Although the Mormon Church
dominated settlement patterns in Utah, the opening of a federal land office in 1869 brought the scattered homestead pattern to the state. The McDonald House exists today in the midst of later twentieth century development, an important remnant of early domestic architecture outside the immediate Salt Lake City area. The house has been carefully restored.
The architect-builders were the owners, David and Arabella McDonald, who
lived in the building until their death in 1924. Both were immigrants to Utah in 1869, he from Scotland and she from Northern Ireland, and both were 41 when the home that was the measure of their success in America was constructed.
David McDonald had been educated in Scotland, and served five years of
apprenticeship as a blacksmith and millwright. It was not until he was
settled in Utah that he met his wife Arabella Anderson, whom he married in the Salt Lake Endowment House in 1874. David and Arabella remained supportive of the Mormon Church and its various programs, although his ambivalence about the Church was cause for comment. His membership in the largely Gentile Liberal party, and the broad and catholic selection of titles in his much-loved library suggest his distance from the mainstream of Mormon thought and practice. The McDonald blacksmithing business, located eventually only 50 feet from the McDonald home, prospered over the years. His increasing stature in the business community led to McDonald’s increasing involvement in politics. With the introduction of national political parties into Utah, he quickly became established as an active Republican.
At the death of both parents in 1924, the home passed into the hands of
other members of the family and eventually was converted into a rental
property in 1966. The home is now the headquarters of a professional design firm.
Frederick Meyer House
Located at 929 East 200 South in Salt Lake City, Utah.
The Frederick Meyer House, built in 1873, is significant as one of the best examples of the Italianate architectural style in Utah architecture, and as the best example of one of three major house types used to express this important nineteenth century style. Utah’s Italianate, following a national trend for such houses, is found in three distinct forms: the large cross-wing house; the two story side passageway box; and the one story cottage. The Meyer House is the best example of the two story box type, and is one of only two frame examples of the type in Salt Lake City. The other is the Jonathan C. and Eliza K. Royle House located at 635 East 100 South. Frederick Meyer, a Mormon convert from Germany, was a salesman and eventually manager in the ZCMI clothing department. The Italianate style was made popular in the United States primarily by house pattern books, and became a common stylistic choice in Utah by the 1870s. There was great variation in the local expression of the style. Some houses, like the Albert Kelly House, 418 South 200 West, were simplified versions built for popular consumption in which only the basic form and the brackets on the cornice betray an Italianate aesthetic. At the other end of the spectrum is the Meyer House which displays all of the Italianate elements associated with Utah’s expression of the Italianate style. It includes the box form and side hall plan; the low hip roof with overhanging eaves; the wide cornice decorated with both paired and single wooden brackets; the projecting bays; the long, narrow double hung sash windows; and the classical detailing of the porch over the main entrance, of the window headers, of the projecting bay, and of the corners of the building. Of eight documented extant examples of the Italianate, two story box type house in Utah, the Meyer House is one of the oldest, and is the most architecturally distinctive, a fact borne out by its recording in 1968 by the Historic American Building Survey. It is one of three such Italianate houses which is eligible for nomination to the National Register. The William Morrow House, 390 Quince Street, the oldest example of the type, was listed in the National Register in 1982 as part of the Capitol Hill Historic District, Salt Lake City. Other Utah examples of the Italianate style listed in the National Register include: the Charles R. Savage House, 80 D Street (cross-wing type), and the Howe C. Wallace House, 474 Second Avenue (cottage type), in the Avenues Historic District, Salt Lake City; the Lewis S. Hills House, 126 South 200 West (cross-wing type), Salt Lake City; and the David McDonald House, 4659 Highland Drive (cross-wing type), Salt Lake City.
Frederick A. Eugelbert Meyer and his wife, Emelia C. Hannibal Meyer, had this two story, Italianate house built about 1873 and moved here from 51 East Temple (Main) Street. Frederick was a salesman in the Z.C.M.I, clothing department, where he had started working the previous year and where he continued to work until his retirement in 1909, serving as manager of that department from 1891 on.
Born in Schleswig, Germany on June 23, 1849, he came to Utah in 1862 with his mother and sister, all converts to Mormonism. As a young man he fought in Indian battles in Sanpete County, for which he received a medal of recognition for his service from the territorial government. Frederick served a foreign mission for the LDS Church from 1878 to 1880.
Mrs. Meyer, born in 1846, came to Utah with her family, also converts to the LDS Church, in 1853. She and her husband raised their six children in this house. Frederick lived in this house until his death in 1915, and Emelia lived here until just months before her death in 1918.
Emma Ramsy Morris and her husband, George Q. Morris, bought the house in 1918 and lived here until about 1929, when they moved into the Belvedere Apartments on State Street. Mrs. Morris, prior to her marriage, was an internationally known soprano who had made her debut at the Berlin Opera House with the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. She also had performed for Kaiser Wilhelm in the Imperial Palace and for President Theodore Roosevelt in the Mormon Tabernacle Choir. She taught music lessons for a time in this house while living here.
George Q. Morris was the son of Elias Morris, founder of Elias Morris & Sons, stone and construction materials suppliers. That company, founded in 1860, is still in operation today. George became president of Elias Morris & Sons, and many years later, served as an a member of the Council of the Twelve of the LDS Church for seven years until his death in 1962.
In 1936 Clyde R. and Emma Stark bought the house. Clyde, a salesman, lived here until his death in 1981. Walter Wendelboth of Wasudak Investment Corporation is currently in the process of buying and restoring the house.