In 1866 a group of Mormon Cavalrymen noted this valley, while in pursuit of Indians, during the Black Hawk War.
In February, 1875, a company of men came from Beaver, Utah and explored the valley. The first permanent settlers arrived November 1875.
The town site was surveyed, homes built and a bowery erected.
July 4, 1876, in absence of a better flag, they hoisted a striped Navajo blanket.
The city was named for Father Escalante, a Spanish priest who visited Utah in 1776.
Organized as a Latter-day Saint Ward August 5, 1877.
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