Devereaux House was Salt Lake City’s earliest mansion and, in its day, the most elegant. As a unique mansion in an isolated frontier city, the Devereaux was the setting of many social gatherings that included prominent local citizens and important national and international visitors.
Portions of the house date from 1855, only eight years after the first arrival of the Mormon pioneers in Salt Lake Valley. Extensively added to and remodeled in the 1870’s, the Devereaux House estate featured the mansion, extensive ornamental gardens, a kitchen garden, hothouses, vineyards, orchards, stables, and a carriage house.
Owner Willian Jennings was a patron of the arts and furnished the interior with items collected during trips throughout the United States and abroad.
The coming of the railroad later turned this part of Salt Lake City into a commercial and industrial area, and for many years the mansion stood as a forlorn shell of its former glory.
On March 1, 1971 the Devereaux House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places and, in 1978, the Utah State Legislature purchased the property for future renovation. Three years later, the State and Triad Center entered into an agreement whereby Triad would maintain and manage the area once the buildings and grounds were restored. With federal, state, Salt Lake City Redevelopment Agency, and private funds, the Devereaux House, Carriage House, and gardens have been reconstructed for the benefit of present and future Utahns.
William Staines and William Jennings:
Two men figure most prominently in the history of Devereaux House.
William Staines was the original occupant of this property. Staines was an English-born horticulturist whose dedication to his “mission to beautify Zion” helped establish the rich landscape tradition which has since characterized Salt Lake City.
A convert to the Mormon faith, Staines, arrived in Salt Lake City in 1847. He acquired the property in 1855 and developed a cottage-style home in the midst of extensive English gardens. He later served as superintendent of Brigham Young’s gardens.
William Jennings purchased the property in 1867 and developed the present Devereaux House, incorporating Staines’ original cottage in the expanded structure.
Jennings was also an English convert to the Mormon church. Arriving in Salt Lake City in 1852, he entered the mercantile business. Taking advantage of the business opportunities of a rapidly-growing regional center, Jennings branched out into freighting and banking, becoming Utah’s first millionaire. In 1864 he founded the Eagle Emporium, which was later sold to the Mormon church and became the forerunner of the present-day ZCMI department store. In 1882 Jennings was elected Mayor of Salt Lake City, serving one term.
A hospitable and gracious host, Jennings entertained the famous and influential of the day. Devereaux House was the scene of lavish dinners and accommodated such prominent guests as Presidents Ulysses S. Grant and Rutherford B. Hayes, and General William T. Sherman.
Located at 340 W South Temple in Salt Lake City, Utah – the Devereaux House was listed on the National Register (#71000847) on March 11, 1971.
The “Devereaux” House lays claim to fame for two primary reasons. First of all, it was the first “mansion” in Salt Lake Valley, having been built by William Staines in 1857. Secondly, it was the center of early social life in Utah. Mr. Staines provided hospitality to such important dignitaries as General Thomas I. Kane who arrived in Salt Lake City in February, 1858, to arbitrate the “Mormon War.” Governor Gumming and his lady arrived in April and were received by Brigham Young at this house, where Gumming also assumed his position as governor of the Territory of Utah.
In 1865 Mr. Staines sold his home to Brigham Young’s oldest son, Joseph A., for $20,000, Young sold the property to William Jennings, a prominent Salt Lake City merchant, for $30,000 two years later. Jennings enlarged the property and changed the name to “Devereaux” in honor of the family estate at Yardley, near Birmingham, England.
William Jennings had two wives, Jane and Pricilla, who moved to the
Devereaux House in 1867. When Pricilla died in 1871, Jane acted as mother
not only to her own eleven but also to Pricilla’s fourteen; however, it appears only fourteen of the children were living in 1881. Jennings entertained royally in his home, not only the “creme de la creme” of Salt Lake Valley but also distinguished national figures as well. After the Civil
War Mr. William Seward, Secretary of State, visited Utah and was a guest
at the Devereaux Mansion with Brigham Young. Later General Philip H.
Sheridan was sent to Utah to “insure federal authority.” His visit to the
Jennings estate had a salutary impact for the Mormons, since Jennings was
himself a polygamist.
In early October, 1875, President Ulysses S. Grant arrived in Utah and before leaving he and Mrs. Grant spent a few pleasant hours at Devereaux.
Later, General William T. Sherman, accompanying President Rutherford B.
Hayes, also spent time at the house. It was not uncommon for as many as
300 guests to be entertained at one time in the lovely home. Finally, other international dignitaries were occasional guests of the Jennings.
For people of early Salt Lake City, the Devereaux Mansion represented
quality and affluence at its best. William Jennings became a very successful merchant, freighting goods to Utah and marketing them through his “Eagle Emporium.” After his death January 15, 1886, the home served as a residence for the Jennings family until about 1900, when it was sold to
Aaron Keyser and Thomas Weir. Subsequently, it served several roles, including one as a clinic for rehabilitation of alcoholics (the Keely Institute).
During the depression, the J. J. Coan family lived in the mansion. Many of the treasures of the home have disappeared. However, fortunately, an authentic restoration is feasible. At present a committee consisting of representatives of the Junior League of Salt Lake City, the Utah Heritage
Foundation, Salt Lake City Historic Buildings Advisory Committee, Women’s
Architectural League, the Utah American Institute of Architects, the Board
of State History, and the Utah State Historical Society, is developing a program for the complete restoration of this historic structure and its setting.