The hills around St. George, Utah provide some excellent views. Here are some photos I’ve taken from up there.
This is S.U.P. Marker # 173, see the others in the series on this page.
Jacob Hamblin, pioneer, missionary and friend to the Indians, planted cottonseed in the fertile river bottoms near here in 1855. A settlement was established the next year called Tonaquint, after a local band of Indians that were located there. As part of the Cotton Mission, four families built a few log cabins and willow huts. Sometimes called Lower Clara, with nicknames of Seldom Sap, Never Sweat and Lick Skillet, it was abandoned in 1862 due to a series of floods. However, some farming was continued and it was later known as Seep Ditch.
Brigham Young’s Vision
This is S.U.P. Marker # 174, see the others in the series on this page.
Near this spot, in the fall of 1859, Brigham Young, statesman and leader of the Mormon people, silently gazed at Pine Valley Mountain, and then the valley and hills of black lava and vermillion rock before him. He saw in vision a thriving community. With a sweep of his arm he spoke: “There will yet be built between those volcanic ridges, a city of spires, towers and steeples, with homes containing many inhabitants.”
Jedediah Strong Smith
This is S.U.P. Marker # 176, see the others in the series on this page.
In 1826, Jedediah Smith, searching for a route to California, entered what is now Washington County by crossing the black ridge north of here then following Ash Creek to the Virgin River. He followed the Virgin River through the Virgin River Narrows (present route of I-15) overcoming many dangers associated with the steep, narrow, winding, rugged canyon. In 1827, he returned to California following the same route to the confluence of Santa Clara Creek and the Virgin River. Anxious to avoid a repetition of his experience in the Virgin River Narrows, he proceeded up Santa Clara Creek and turned southwest over the low mountain (present day Old Highway US 91) to a ravine which led him to the Beaver Dam Wash and its confluence with the Virgin River.
The Southern Exploring Company
This is S.U.P. Marker # 175, see the others in the series on this page.
In the fall of 1849, Brigham Young formed the Southern Exploring Company led by Parley P. Pratt. Through that winter this company of 50 men explored potential town sites and resources from Nephi to present day St. George as part of Young’s plan for a corridor to the sea, also called the Mormon Corridor. Twenty of the company under Pratt reached their further point south at the confluence of the Santa Clara and Virgin Rivers on January 1, 1850, near this monument. Their reports resulted in the settlement of all the towns between Nephi and St. George.
Monument to the flood of 2005
Warm rain on recently-fallen snow in areas destroyed by wildfires during the summer of 2004 contributed greatly to the flood of January, 2005, which occurred along the Virgin and Santa Clara Rivers. Along with sever bridges in the area such as this bridge, many people lost their homes and belongings. The cost of this flood was great and extremely devastating to many family who lost everything. But the compassion that was shown that winter by the people of Saint George was something to be remembered.
This monument is dedicated to the shoes who lost so much and to those who gave much as well – families helping families, neighbors helping neighbors, and strangers helping stranger. To all who remember this flood or were in any way involved in it, we will not soon forget.
History of the Main Street Bridge
This bridge was original placed across the Ash Creek at the base of the black ridge on the old Arrowhead Trail. In 1942 Washington County decided to move this abandoned bridge ant place it at the end of Main Street in order to provide another access to Bloomington. At that time Interstate 15 was nonexistent and the south end of Main Street went up to this point where the Virgin and Santa Clara Rivers meet.
Elton McArther later know as “Weldin’ Eldon” has not yes finished welding classes when he was asked by Washington County to provide welding serviced. Washington County rented a welding machine from Ashby-McQuaid, an auto repair shop here in Saint Gerge, and along with Eldon’s Older brother Rex, they put together and welded the supporting members of this bridge.
Due to the war effort, it was difficult to find metal, but after several days the laborious task was finished. This bridge would then be used for the next 63 years as an additional access to Bloomington and as part of the bike trail until the flood in January 0f 2005 when it was ripped apart and washed away. This steel truss is all that remains today.
The Last Man Standing on the Main Street Bridge
On Tuesday, January 11th, during the flood of 2005, a citizen called the police and said that this bridge was shaking and that it might collapse. Fortunately, Captain Lorin Johnson was close by. He drove over to the bridge as he spoke with the gentleman who called the police he could see the bridge sinking slowly and the concrete start to crack. Carly, he told everyone to get off the bridge. People came from both directions of the bike trail to see what was happening and Captain Johnson kept them from coming too close. Very quickly the west side collapsed. The steel screamed as it bent. Rivets popped and the bridge dropped three or four feet into the water. The north side of the bridge disconnected, and as the river pulled it downstream, it broke in two. Had of the bridge floated down the river, and the other half wrapped around itself to the south bank. A small part of the bridge was left, including the steel girder you see before you. Thanks to Captain Johnson citizens were spared injury that day.
The Confluence of the Santa Clara and Virgin Rivers
In November 1849 a little-known expedition was sent by Brigham Young to explore southern Utah for possible future settlement. This fifty-man party was led by Apostle Parley P. Pratt.
On Tuesday, January 1, 1850, twenty horse-mounted members of this party made camp near the confluence of the Santa Clara and Virgin Rivers. This historic event was mentioned in their journals and the union of these rivers can be seen from this mark. After their long difficult winter journeyer that at times requires struggling through snow up to four feet deep, they brought back descriptions and information that soon led to the settling of southern Utah.
In his report to the territorial legislature Pratt wrote:
“I arrived home on Wednesday evening, the 30th of Jan. having been absent ten weeks. The pack company soon after, some with frozen limbs but I believe generally in good health and Spirits.
I now wish to bear witness of the fifty who accompanied me on this expedition, and to have them in honorable remembrance…I Have never seen men placed in circumstances better calculated to try their utmost strength and patience. And at onetime, another half-mile of deep snow intervening between them and camp would have cause every man to sink exhausted without being able to force their way any longer.
They are first-rate men, and I have promised to remember them for the very next undertaking which requires toil, labor and sacrifice.”
I have the honor to subscribe myself your obedience servant,
Parly P. Pratt”
Grave of Shem, Shivwits Indian Chieftain
Located in the St. George City Cemetery.
1840, Feb. 24, 1930 Friend of the pioneers and faithful member of the LDS Church
Shem was a well-known chieftain of the Shivwits Band. Highly respected by the new settlers and his own people, Shem served as a peacemaker for the two cultures. He converted to the LDS Church and was a faithful member. He died in 1930 at the age of ninety years. His grave had gone unmarked for many years.
Shem, Shivwits Band Chieftain is SUP Marker # 112, see others here.
20 July 1829 – 23 April 1876,
My Great Great Great Grandfather.
Mary Jane Oliver
8 May 1831 – 18 January 1900
Brief History of Oswald Barlow
Oswald Barlow was born July 20, 1829 at Prestwich, Lancashire, England, son of James and Crompton Barlow. At an early age he learned his trade, that of a mason and stone cutter, of which he became a master. This trade he followed the remainder of his life.
His favorite pastime was, band music, his specialty was playing the fife and drum. Later he became an able teacher of these instruments.
In March 1848 he married Catherine Nightingale at Manchester, England. Their first child, James, was born there on October 22, 1849. By this time they were both members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and as a result began to formulate plans to come to Zion. Oswald Barlow came to America about 1850 leaving his wife and child until he was able to send for them. He came across the plains, to Utah with one of the later bands of immigrants led by President Brigham Young. Oswald drove President Young’s team. He also lived and worked for him all the time he was in Salt Lake.
He married a second wife, Mary Jane Oliver, in the Endowment house in 1854. In the same year, he saved enough money to send for his first wife, Catherine, and young son to join them. Catherine and her son, James, were on the ocean seven weeks in a sailing vessel. Soon after they landed, Oswald met them and with a load of supplies and took them to Salt Lake. He was a teamster for President Brigham Young while engaged in traveling among the saints in the different stakes of Zion. (The same carriage, that President Young rode in and Oswald drove, is in the State Capital Building now on exhibition.)
In 1858, he moved his families to Payson, where President Young had ordered them to move, so that if the men had to fight Johnson’s Army, their wives and families would be safe. He left them there and returned to Salt Lake to help guard and hold the army back at Echo Canyon. While in Payson, Malinda was born in the old school house. After the saints had driven Johnson’s Army back, the Barlow families moved back to Salt Lake.
Oswald Barlow was a member of the first marshal band in Utah under the leadership of Professor Thomas. In 1859, he opened up a dancing school. He was an expert dancer and many were glad to receive instruction from him. The saints were interested in recreating and Brigham Young encouraged it. A number of his daughters were among the first pupils at the school. The people loved to hear him sing as he had a splendid bass voice and was a good entertainer.
In 1861, he was called to Dixie to help settle Southern Utah. At this time they had eight children, but he loaded both families into a covered wagon which was drawn by two yoke of oxen. After a tiresome journey of three weeks, they arrived in St. George on December 3, 1861. They camped on the old camp ground at the adobe yard until the valley was cleared, brush taken off and the streets laid out. Apostle Erastus Snow put Oswald to work on building dwelling houses. He soon was able to purchase a lot in the west part of town. They lived there in a tent until he built their house.
He, being a good mason and stone cutter, worked off and on for seven years on the St. George Stake Tabernacle. He laid the foundation and walls of the court house and helped build all the prominent houses in this part of the country as far north as Beaver and west as far as Pioche. He did not work on the Temple as he had been instructed by Apostle Erastus Snow to build homes for the saints to live in. His sons worked on the Temple.
In 1863, he organized a Martial Band with nineteen members and they held band practices every Saturday night at his home. Alex Fullerton had the first base drum that was available in Utah. It was the drum that was heard fifteen miles in Echo Canyon at the time Johnson’s Army tried to enter the canyon in 1858. It was owned then by Alonzo Russell.
His families went through the hardships of pioneering and early settling. Many times they had nothing to eat but pigweed greens; but they prospered with the rest of the Saints.
Oswald died April 27, 1876 at St. George. He was the father of eighteen children; nine by the first wife Catherine, and nine by his second wife, Jane. He had eighty-seven grandchildren, two-hundred and nineteen great-grandchildren and thirty-six great-great-grandchildren, making a total of three-hundred and forty-two descendants. Since the writing of this history, there are many more descendants.
Located in the St. George City Cemetery.