For more detailed history of the Old Brickyard Chimney visit this page.
This is a page to document the chimney as a NGS Survey Benchmark/
01/01/1973 by NGS (FIRST OBSERVED)
DESCRIBED BY NATIONAL GEODETIC SURVEY 1973 (JRS) THE POINT INTERSECTED WAS THE TOP CENTER OF THE SALT LAKE CITY INTERSTATE BRICK COMPANY, STACK THAT IS LOCATED NEAR THE INTERSECTION OF 1100 EAST AND 3100 SOUTH IN SALT LAKE CITY. THE STACK IS CONSTRUCTED OF BRICK, SQUARE IN SHAPE AND 215 FEET IN HEIGHT WITH A LIGHTNING ROD AT THE TOP OF EACH OF THE FOUR CORNERS.
Fifty-five feet south of this marker, under a specially designed cover and marked by a 4-inch Brass Cap, lies the Initial Point for the Uintah Special Meridian, the beginning point for all surveys made on the Uintah Indian Reserve. On August 3, 1875, Nathan Kimball, Surveyor General in Salt Lake City, was authorized to enter Contract No. 64 with Charles L. DuBois as Deputy Surveyor of the Uintah Indian Reservation to “select the most available point within the reserve for an initial point and to to survey the proper base, meridian and standard parallels as a basis for his township and subdivisional surveys.” On August 30, 1875, DuBois selected the site of the Initial Point and marked it with a “mound of stone 6 feet in diameter at the base by 4 feet high, with a stone 20 x 12 x 10 on the top marked I.P. 1875” as replicated by this marker. The Initial Point being this established, Dubois surveyed and marked the meridian line north 6 miles to the base of the Uintah Mountains and 17 miles south to the Reserve boundary. He then extended and marked a base line 6 miles east and 6 miles west, then began the arduous process of subdividing the land.
The Three-mile method
Deputy Surveyor DoBois’ instructions provided for a unique survey process called the Three-mile Method, dividing the land not only into Townships measuring 6 miles by 6 miles with 36 Sections in each Township, but further dividing each section into 40-acre allotments by setting a stone monument at every corner of each 40-acre tract. By the close of the June 30, 1876 fiscal year, DuBois had run 1,300 miles of line, set over 4,000 stone markers every 1/4 mile and subdivided over 161,000 acres of the Uintah Indian Reservation land for allotment.
The Allotment Era
The period from 1870 to 1900 marked a change in Federal Indian policy which was dominated by removal, treaties, reservations, and even war. The new policy focused on breaking up communal living on reservations by granting land allotments to individual Native Americans. The General Allotment act of February 8, 1887, (The Dawes Act) provided that all Indians on (or off) a reservation would be allotted a tract of land, from 20 up to 160 acres, depending upon the type of land being allotted. The Indian Appropriations Act of May 27, 1902, required all allotments within the Uintah Reservation be completed by October 1, 1903 (later extended to September 1, 1905), and the remainder of the reservation to be restored to public domain and open for settlement.
On April 3, 1905, a commission composed of Capt. C. G. Hall, U. S. Army, acting Indian agent of the Uintah Agency; W. H. Code, chief engineer of the Indian irrigation service; and Mr. Charles S Carter, a local citizen, was appointed to allot the Indians and to select the lands to be reserved for use in connection with Indian service. By June of 1905, all allotments had been completed. By Presidential Proclamation on July 14, 1905, Theodore Roosevelt declared all unallotted lands in the Uintah Indian Reservation open for settlement under the provisions of the homestead and townsite laws. Hundreds of “non-Indian Heads of Households” lined up around the land office to pay their $1.25 per acre.. Of the original 2,080,000-acre Uintah Reservation, roughly 104,000 acres were allotted to individual Indian families and 1,072,000 acres held in trust for their benefit; the remaining 1,004,000 acres was returned to the Public Domain.
The Uintah Valley Reservation
Upon the urging of Samuel C. Stanbaugh, Surveyor General of Utah, concerning the pending survey and the settlement of the Uintah valley by white settlers, President Abraham Lincoln, on October 3, 1861, reserved “the entire valley of the Uintah River within Utah Territory, extending on both sides of said river to the crest of the first range of contiguous mountains on each side, to be reserved to the United States and set apart as an Indian reservation” encompassing 2,080,000 acres. Brigham Young’s 1861 settlement scouting party described the isolated area as “one vast contiguity of waste … valuless excepting for nomadic purposes, hunting grounds for Indians and to hold the world together.” Congress confirmed President Lincoln’s 1861 action on May 5, 1864, creating the Uintah Valley Reservation. The land was “set apart for permanent settlement and exclusive occupation of such of the different tribes of Indian of [Utah] territory as many be induced to inhabit the same.”
On June 8, 1864, a treaty was concluded with the Utah Indians of eastern Utah, in which they ceded all their land claims in eastern Utah, except the Uintah Valley which was reserved for their exclusive use and occupation. This treaty was never ratified by Congress. By 1870 most members of the Tumpanawach, San Pitch, Pahvant, Sheberetch, Cumumba, and the Uintah bands of Utes relocated to the reservation and became absorbed into the Uintah band. In 1875, news came of measuring off the land causing the Utes to speculate as to what was going to happen to them. Would they be moved again and placed in another area?
The monument is located at 3500 East 9000 North (Neola Road) in Whiterocks, Utah
Public Land Survey Monument Tri-State corner of Wyoming, Utah and Colorado Lat. 41° 00′ 42.616″ N Long. 109° 02′ 42.158″ W. Elevation 8402′
This point was monumented by U.S. surveyor, Rollin J. Reeves, on July 19, 1879, while completing the survey of the western boundary of the State of Colorado and the east boundary of Utah Territory. The boundary line separating Wyoming Territory from Colorado and Utah Territories was surveyed by U.S. surveyor, A.V. Richards in 1873. The original monument was found to be disturbed in 1931 and was remarked by U.S. Cadastral Engineer, E.V. Kimmel, with a brass tablet seated in a concrete monument. This monument is one of the corners of the national Rectangular Cadastral Survey System, inaugurated in 1785, that has aided the development and orderly settlement of the public lands in the western states. From these monuments, state and local governments and private citizens are provided with easily identifiable boundaries. Such monuments serve as a base for the work of private surveyors in making accurate land subdivisions and descriptions.
This historical tri-state monument was erected by the Kiwanis Club and Boy Scout Troop 166 of Craig, Colorado in cooperation with the Bureau of Land Management dedicated on September 18, 1999.
01/01/1973 by NGS (FIRST OBSERVED) DESCRIBED BY NATIONAL GEODETIC SURVEY 1973 (JRS) THE POINT INTERSECTED WAS THE RED LIGHT ATOP THE RIVERTON, AMERICAN TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH COMPANY, MICROWAVE TOWER, KPM 66 THAT IS LOCATED ABOUT 0.5 MILE WEST OF 1700 WEST IN RIVERTON AND JUST NORTH OF 12600 SOUTH. IT IS A FOUR LEGGED STRUCTURAL STEEL TOWER, PAINTED IN ALTERNATE BANDS OF RED AND WHITE WITH A FAN SHAPED ANTENNA LOCATED AT EACH OF THE FOUR CORNERS NEAR THE TOP. THE OVER ALL HEIGHT IS 105 FEET.
01/01/1963 by CGS (FIRST OBSERVED) DESCRIBED BY COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY 1963 (JCC) THE STATION IS THE APEX OF THE BOX ELDER TABERNACLE SPIRE, LOCATED IN THE CENTRAL PART OF BRIGHAM CITY. THE STRUCTURE IS BUILT OF BRICK AND WOOD AND IS ABOUT 130 FEET HIGH.
See this link for other benchmarks I’ve documented.
Benckmark Disc set into the top of a metal pipe driven into the ground
01/01/1947 by USGS (MONUMENTED) DESCRIBED BY US GEOLOGICAL SURVEY 1947 (DHK) THE STATION, A U.S. GEOLOGICAL BENCH MARK, IS LOCATED ON THE HIGHEST POINT OF A PEAK LOCALLY KNOWN AS SPANISH FORK PEAK, IN THE UINTAH NATIONAL FOREST, BETWEEN HOBBLE CREEK (TRIBUTARY TO UTAH LAKE) AND NORTH CREEK (TRIBUTARY TO SOLDIER FORK CREEK). 6.3 MILES EAST-SOUTHEAST OF TOWN OF SPANISH FORK, 5.5 MILES SOUTHEAST OF SPRINGVILLE, 2.5 MILES NORTHEAST OF DENVER AND RIO GRANDE WESTERN RAILROAD, 12 FEET SOUTH OF THE NORTH BRIM, 9 FEET NORTH OF THE SOUTH BRIM, 8 FEET EAST OF A 6 FOOT ROCK CAIRN, SET IN TOP OF A 4 INCH PIPE, PROJECTS 2 FEET. IT HAS NO STAMPING ON MARK. REFERENCE MARK NO. 1 IS A U.S. GEOLOGICAL REFERENCE DISK APPROXIMATELY 5 FEET LOWER THAN THE STATION, SET ON THE SIDE HILL IN A OUTCROPPING BOULDER FLUSH WITH GROUND AND IS STAMPED NO 1. REFERENCE MARK NO. 2 IS A U.S. GEOLOGICAL REFERENCE DISK APPROXIMATELY 8 FEET LOWER THAN THE STATION, 18 FEET NORTH OF A 6 FOOT ROCK CAIRN, SET ON SIDE HILL IN AN OUTCROPPING BOULDER FLUSH WITH THE GROUND AND IS STAMPED NO 2. STATION HEAVEN 1947 WAS USED AS THE AZIMUTH. TO REACH FROM THE PUBLIC SCHOOL BUILDING IN MAPLETON. GO EAST FOR 0.85 MILE TO A T ROAD. TURN LEFT (N) AND GO 0.25 MILE TO A T ROAD. TURN RIGHT (E) AND GO 2.8 MILES UP CANYON TO A CATTLE GUARD. CROSS CATTLE GUARD AND GO 0.05 MILE TO A TRACK ROAD RIGHT. TURN RIGHT CROSSING A SMALL STREAM AND FOLLOW THIS ROAD FOR APPROXIMATELY 0.6 MILE TO A WIRE FENCE AT A SPRING AND WATERING TROUGH. (THIS POINT IS THE END OF TRUCK TRAVEL). FROM THIS POINT FOLLOW THE TRAIL SOUTHEAST UP CANYON FOR APPROXIMATELY 3.0 MILES TO A TRAIL LEADING RIGHT. TAKE THE LEFT FORK STRAIGHT AHEAD TO THE LAKE, THE STATION CAN BE SEEN FROM THE LAKE IN A NORTHWESTERLY DIRECTION. FOLLOW TRAIL NORTHERLY TO SADDLE THENCE LEFT AROUND THE NORTH SIDE OF MOUNTAIN TO THE HIGHEST POINT AND STATION SITE. HORSES CAN BE OBTAINED FROM MR. JAMES WISCOMB, LOCATED THE SECOND HOUSE WEST OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOL BUILDING IN MAPLETON. MR. WISCOMB IS THOROUGHLY ACQUAINTED WITH THE PEAK. A 2 HOUR AND 15 MINUTE HORSE PACK FROM THE END OF TRUCK TRAVEL.
DESCRIBED BY NATIONAL GEODETIC SURVEY 1954 6.0 MI W FROM THOMPSON. 6.0 MILES WEST ALONG THE DENVER AND RIO GRANDE WESTERN RAILROAD FROM THOMPSON, GRAND COUNTY, AT BRENDEL SIDING, ABOUT 1000 FEET WEST OF A WATER TANK, 60 FEET WEST OF MILEPOST 534, AND AT THE NORTH EDGE OF THE RIGHT-OF-WAY. A UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY STANDARD CAP, STAMPED 4898 1910 61 AND RIVETED ON THE TOP OF A 3-1/2-INCH IRON PIPE.