Public Works Buildings Thematic Resource nomination and is significant
w because it helps document the impact of New Deal programs in Utah, which was one of the states that the Great Depression of the 1930s most severely affected. In 1933 Utah had an unemployment rate of 36 percent, the fourth highest in the country, and for the period 1932-1940 Utah’s unemployment rate averaged 25 percent. Because the depression hit Utah so hard, federal programs were extensive in the state. Overall, per capita federal spending in Utah during the 1930s was 9th among the 48 states, and the percentage of workers on federal work projects was far above the national average. Building programs were of great importance. During the 1930s virtually every public building constructed in Utah, including county courthouses, city halls, fire stations, national guard armories, public school buildings, and a variety of others, were built under federal programs by one of several agencies, including the Civil Works Administration (CWA), the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA), the National Youth Administration (NYA), the Works Progress Administration (WPA), or the Public Works Administration (PWA), and almost without exception none of the buildings would have been built when they were without the assistance of the federal government.
The Morgan High School Mechanical Arts Building is one of 232 buildings
constructed in Utah during the 1930s and early 1940s under the Works Progress Administration (WPA) and other New Deal programs. Of those 232 buildings, 133 are still standing and are eligible for nomination to the National Register of Historic Places. Of the 232, 104 of them were public school buildings; 51 of them remain. In Morgan County 4 buildings were constructed, 2 of them are left.
This building was constructed in 1936 as part of a $155,000 Public Works
Administration (PWA) building program in the Morgan County School District. Also included in the program was the construction of the Morgan Elementary School and extensive remodeling at Morgan High School. Though a new high school was built one block east of this site, this building is still in use by the Morgan Middle School.
The architects of the building are not known for certain, but it is likely
that they were Scott & Welch of Salt Lake City, who are known to have designed the nearby elementary school, which was constructed at the same time in virtually the same style.
The Morgan High School Mechanical Arts Building is a one-story brick building that is constructed in the Art Deco style. It has a gable roof with a
surrounding parapet wall. The building has a rectangular plan and there are no major extensions or additions. A projecting entrance vestibule is located on the narrow east end of the building. There are two doors along the north side of the building, and a doorway and garage entrance at the rear or west end. The walls have been broken up into vertical panels by low relief pilasters. The stylized geometric capitals on these pilasters are made of concrete and project upward through the coping at the edge of the roof, giving the building a crenelated appearance. The building remains in good original condition and there have been no major alterations on the exterior.
The ZMCI in Morgan, Utah was located here.
See this page for other ZCMI Buildings.
Zion’s Cooperative Mercantile Institution, America’s first department store was located where the vacant lot is on the corner of Commercial Street and 125 North from 1869 to 1905. It is believed to have been the first business on this street.
Shoemakers James R. Stewart, David J. Ross, James T. Worton and Fred Kingston worked here.
The brick meat market was constructed soon after the original building.
In 1905 M.C.M.I. took over (Morgan Cooperative Mercantile Institute)
Francis & Osgood General Merchandise
In 1898 Dr. Charles F. Osgood came to Morgan, 1900 was the earliest record of the Francis-Osgood Store. Arthur W. Francis and Dr. Osgood established a business of wholesale and retail sales in merchandise and farmer’s produce in this two-story store.
In 1904 the partnership dissolved and A.W. Francis was the sole owner.
In 1928 they rebuilt the store and made it one-story.
In 1933 they closed for 3 years due to the depression.
In 1937, after Arthur’s death, his son Harold and wife Vesta took over.
In the 1970’s the store closed.
Heiner Brothers Hotel
George Heiner stated, “In 1890, my brother Daniel and I built a three story brick hotel…”
Charles Turner recorded in his journal, “1890, this year I have sold to the Heiner Company over One-thousand dollars worth of brick, line and rock for their new hotel.”
Thomas C. West from Round Valley plastered the interior of the hotel.
The hotel flourished and contributed to the economic growth and development of the community. It provided rest and comfort to many weary travelers.
Emma Staples Stuart, a renowned cook, operated the hotel for approxximately 20 years. During that time she hired many local young women to help.
Moroni and Harriet Clawson bought the hotel in 1912. The theater with a stage provided an excellent place for silent movies.
In May 1917 Clawson applied for a picture show license. Milton Fry ran the hand-operated movie projector.
In 1935 the hotel was sold to Mr. and Mrs. Virgil Stewart. The theater was modernized with comfortable air-inflated seats, and a modern sound system.
In 1937 Mabel Horsefield Welsh and Viola Porter Whitesides were contestants to rename the hotel. They submitted the name “Vallis” which means “Valley” and the name has remained until the present day.
Alva and Cecil Dearden leased the Vallis Theater in 1945 and showed movie pictures there until 1949.
Richville Pioneer Cemetery – 1859
Sons of Utah Pioneers Marker #118 – Richville Cemetery
This monument was erected by the National Society of the Sons of the Utah Pioneers, Morgan Utah Chapter, to remember those buried here in unmarked graves. This is the final resting place for early residents who settled in Richville, Morgan County, Utah.
There are seventeen unmarked graves with no identification.
There is at least one Native American grave.
There are ten known burials with no identifying headstones.
- James Dorricott (Nov. 24, 1897 – Oct. 18, 1918)
- Elizabeth Dorricott (Jan. 27, 1809 – Nov 5, 1876)
- Mrs. Garner (unkown)
- Goodrich (child) (unknown)
- Mrs. Baltzar Jacobson (unknown)
- Willie Peterson (Feb 29, 1876 – Nov 5, 1876)
- Orin Porter (stillborn)
- Francis Taggart (twin) (Sept. 28, 1868)
- Franklin Taggart (twin) (Sept. 28, 1868)
- Waldron (unknown)
- Richville, Utah
is named after Jedediah Morgan Grant, a leader in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 3,687. It is the county seat of Morgan County.
- Commercial Street
- Morgan High School Mechanical Arts Building
- The Morgan “M”
- Morgan Stake Tabernacle
- Morgan Pioneer Memorial Building
- Pioneer Cabin