One of my favorite stops in the San Rafael Swell is the Snake Petroglyphs, other nearby Petroglyphs, Pictographs and dinosaur tracks are only a few of the awesome things to see here.
IN MEMORY OF CHARLES WILLILAM “BILL” WINDER and CAROLINE ELIZABETH MILLS
William was the 1st boy born in Desert Lake, Utah, June 28, 1888, to Charles Henry Winder & Helen Pilling. Grandparents: Thomas Harrison Winder & Hannah Shreeve, John Pilling & Sarah Bedford. He died Jan. 9, 1978 Caroline was born in Ferron, Utah, Feb. 2, 1887 to Henry George Mills & Eliza Ann Horsley. Grandparents: George Henery Mills & Caroline Boxall, John Pickett Horsley & Francis Jane Mills. She died Jan. 6, 1950. Both buried in Cleveland, Utah Married Dec. 20, 1906 Susan Bedford & John Pilling came to Utah with the 9th Handcart Co. in 1860. John Pickett Horsley came to Utah with the 1st ox-team about 1852. William and Caroline home-steaded 160 acres on Cedar Mt., Utah; Sec. 12 N 1, Township 19 50, Range 11 E, 1910-1920. They also home-steaded 80 acres surrounding this area; S 1/4 NE 1/4, NW 1/4 SE 1/4 – Section 10, Township 17, 50 of Range 10 E, S.L. Meridian, 1910-1920. They were the parents of 14 children: Aletha, Verl, Mildred, Ada, Arnold, Baby brother buried on Cedar Mt., Angues, Euceen, deceased, Harold, Zina, Philip, twins – Floyd and stillborn baby sister, Levan Dale MEMORIES FOREVER.
In 1885, several families moved from the town of Cleveland, Utah to an area they called Desert Lake, and built a 500-foot (150 m) embankment dam to impound a 300-acre irrigation reservoir. In 1896, the dam broke, causing significant damage.The LDS Church provided $1000 to rebuild the dam, and also to extend a ditch to Cleveland.
The 1900 United States Census reported Desert Lake’s population at 127. Six years after the Census was taken, in 1906, the Desert Lake area was surveyed. An LDS church, a general store, several frame homes, and a school were constructed. The general store also served as the town’s post office.
A problem throughout the valley occurred as farmers irrigated land, which dropped the water table and caused alkali in the soil to rise. The alkaline soil eroded adobe structures and caused many crops to fail. As the alkali in the soil concentrated, the residents of Desert Lake moved about 6 miles away and founded the town of Victor. A few log homes make up what’s left of the town of Desert Lake.
Buried in Stone
The San Rafael Swell is a kaleidoscope of colors splashed across a rugged landscape of cliffs, canyons, arches and pinnacles. Erosion sculpts the stone, but the environment in which it was deposited determines its color. In general, the brighter colors, red, yellow, and orange, are present in rocks deposited where oxygen was present. Examples of these environments are sand dunes and floodplain material higher then the water table. The duller colors, gray, light green, and purple, are present in rocks where there was no oxygen as they were deposited. These would be formed at the bottom of an inland sea or below a water table. These boggy places also trapped the bodies of dinosaurs ad preserved their bones as fossils. The Cleavland-Lloyd Dinosaur Quarry to the north of here has yielded hundreds of dinosaur fossils. This world famous quarry has produced more dinosaur mounts for display in museums then any other in the world, all thanks to the amazing fosilization of these once boggy areas now in front of you and all around you, take a minute to look at how different this place once was.
As you stand here look around, the magnificent cliffs, canyons, knobs, and spires before you are mostly cut from the 190 million-year-old Navajo Sandstone formation. Imagine the winds that carried sand to this area and deposited it in sand dunes hundreds of feet high. As wind shifted the massive sand dunes, the sands were deposited in a whirl of layers. Buried over eons of geologic time, the sands ceased their movement and turned to stone. Water releases the grains of sand from the grip of stone. Even here in an arid climate, water is the prime agent sculpting the stone into canyons, arches, and pinnacles. You are near the center of the great anticline that is the San Rafael Swell. Here, the layers are nearly flat-lying. It is like a stone dome with the curved top worn away. Soon the layers will begin tilting gently to the west.
There is a prominent peak in the area called The Wickiup. It stands alone, with layers of color all the way up the cone. You can see it from I-70, and there are two trails that make a loop around it. Combine this trail with Road Hollow and you have a nice loop with The Wickiup in the center.(*)
The Fibonacci sequence is a series of numbers where a number is found by adding up the two numbers before it. Starting with 0 and 1, the sequence goes 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, and so forth.
There’s a popular block “sculpture” in Green River that can be seen from the freeway that is based on the sequence.
Apparently it cost $145,292 to build it, there are several other art projects in the area.