Fort Harmony was designated as the training site of the Iron County division of the Utah Militia. In 1857 the Militia was divided into 13 districts. The southern group consisted of all counties south of Beaver and was known as the Iron County division. In 1867, during the period of the Blackhawk War, these companies trained at this place under the command of Brigadier General Erastus Snow and Captain James Andrews.
Fort Harmony was constructed of crude (without binding materials) adobe. The walls were 300 feet on a side. Houses along the inside of the 10 foot east wall were one story high. Houses along the inside of the 16 foot west wall were two stories high.
Culinary water was obtained from a well. Irrigation water for the fort and surrounding areas was supplied by Kanarra and Harmony Creeks.
Brigham Young sent missionaries to southern Utah to work with the Indians. In March of 1853, a wooden fort was built by the John D. Lee party near Ash Creek in northern Washington County. But they soon discovered the site was too small and too farm from the fields they would need to farm for their sustenance.
Subsequently, they located a site four miles to the north. Brigham Young gave them instructions as to how to build it and turned the first dirt on the southeast corner. A new adobe fort was built between May 1854 and February 1855. It was the first fort in the territory to be made of adobe brick, as the Spaniards suggested.
Fort Harmony served as the Washington County seat and was the hub of all colonization efforts south of the Great Basin. It served as a stopping place for traveler passing through the area.
The fort was occupied for seven years. But Fort Harmony was abandoned after 28 days of heavy rain washed away most of the adobe walls in January and February of 1862. The adobe bricks were not made with straw or horse hair that would have made them more durable. Most of the occupants moved a little ways west and created the town of New Harmony or moved east to Kanarraville.
Fort Harmony was put on the National Register of Historic Places (#1979003493) on November 16, 1979.(*)
Two photos I got from this website.
In 1852, John D. Lee and others settled Old Harmony on Ash Creek, later known as Kelsey’s Ranch.
The name Harmony came from Harmony, Pennsylvania where the Mormon Prophet, Joseph Smith, translated the Book of Mormon. The local settlers also liked the name because it suggested the harmony and united action the pioneers wanted to engender during their periods of trial and hardship.
New Harmony is a town in Washington County, Utah. The population was 190 at the 2000 census. It was originally settled as part of efforts to mine and refine iron in the area. Settlers built a crude foundry in 1852, but abandoned it soon after due to transport and logistics issues.(*)
Historic Markers with information I have visited:
Fort Harmony was built where Harmony was established. When Harmony was flooded out, the settlers moved several miles upstream and built a new settlement, naming it New Harmony. Both were named for Hamony, Pennsylvania, where the Mormon Prophet Joseph Smith translated the Book of Mormon. The local settlers also appreciated the name because it indicated the harmony and united action the pioneers showed during their periods of trial and hardship.(*)
Visit my list of places in Utah.
In 1852 Elisha H. Groves, John D. Lee and others built a fort on Ash Creek, called Harmony. The fort was abandoned in 1854 and a new site located called Fort Harmony. Following disastrous floods in 1862 settlers again moved and established New Harmony where the first log school house was built in 1863. Through community effort a frame structure was erected. For nearly a century the bell atop this building called citizens to church, school and all other public gatherings. Wilson D. Pace served as first Bishop.
Other DUP Markers are listed at JacobBarlow.com/dup